Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 72 - 77 of 139

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Question 72

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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘Sevottam Scheme’ had great potential to reform service delivery, but opportunity is frittered away. Comment. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Sevottam Scheme

  • Sevottam word is a fusion of two Hindi words Seva and Uttam which means ‘excellence in service’. Sevottam is a generic framework for bringing continual improvement in public service delivery till excellence is achieved. It has 3 elements in it.
    • Citizen Charter- It specifies the standards for service delivery
    • Public Grievance Mechanism.

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Question 73

Public Borrowings and Public Debt Budgets -Types and Forms
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Discuss the major areas of change in the Tax-Reforms of the post liberalization era. How do you justify the importance of the direct Tax reforms in this context? (15 Marks)

Explanation

Direct Tax

  • Incidence and Impact of the Direct Tax is on the same Person whereas Incidence and Impact of Indirect tax can be on different persons.
  • In 1991, in reaction to a severe macro-economic crisis involving high fiscal deficit and depleted foreign exchange reserve, Tax reform became an essential component of strategy of structural adjustment in I

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Question 74

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Appeared in Year: 2006

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Essay▾

“Simon’s work has had major implications for the study of pub adm and the practice of pub adm professionalism”. Comment.

Explanation

Discipline of Administration

  • Contextually, Discipline of Administration was facing identity crisis after advent of socio-psychological theories.
  • He provided solution to the discipline by calling it a science. By recognising decision making as important aspect of Administration, he paved the way for Policy making also to be integral part of Public Adm

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Question 75

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Question

MCQ▾

According to F. W. Riggs, which one of the following shift does not denote the trends in comparative public administration?

Choices

Choice (4)Response
a.From normative to empirical orientation
b.From ideographic to nomothetic orientation
c.From non-ecological to ecological orientation
d.From formal to informal orientation

Question 76

Weber's Bureaucratic Model -Its Critique and Post-Weberian Developments
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘Bureau - Shaping model’ has been developed as a response to the ‘budget- maximizing model’ comment

Explanation

‘Bureau - Shaping Model’

  • Bureau Shaping Model based on rationality and Methodological individualism came into for as a response to Budget Maximizing Model.
  • Budget maximizing model emphasises Bureaucrats tries to maximize budget for their department in return for it’s service. At the same time if budget of a department is low, Bureaucrat tries to avoi

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Question 77

Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett)
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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Mary Parker Follett traced the foundational value of business and enterprise on her way to understand the organism of governmental machinery. Comment. (15 Mark)

Explanation

Mary Parker Follett

  • M. P Follett theory is based on Management and worker relation and conflict b/w them. She explained principles on the basis of business management principles.
    • Foundational value of business is Efficiency, Performance, productivity etc. M. P Follett emphasized upon increasing the efficiency of the organization by using concepts suc

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