Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 60 - 65 of 139

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Question 60

Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and Others)
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Essay▾

“What is distinctive about the Classical and Human Relations Schools of thought administration is their complementarity to each other “. Analyse (10 Marks)

Explanation

Classical and Human Relations Schools of Thought Administration

  • Classical and Human Relations School both emphasis upon maximizing efficiency.
  • Classical theory gave due emphasis on Structure like Hierarchy, Economic factors as motivators, division of work which still find its relevance in current organization.
  • However, overemphasis on economic factors

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Question 61

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Essay▾

“Development Administration and Administrative Development have a chicken and egg kind of relationship”. - (Riggs). Elaborate (10 Marks)

Explanation

Development Administration and Administrative Development

  • As Weidener said, Development Administration (D. A) is goal oriented and action-oriented approach.
  • It has chicken egg relationship with Administrative development.
Development Administration and Administrative Development

Development Administration and Administrative Development

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  • Administrative development is the institutional capacity o

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Question 62

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

To what extent has e-governance made the administrative system more citizen-oriented? Can it (e-governance) be made more participative?

Explanation

E-Governance

  • E-Governance is the application of Information and Communications Technology to government functioning.
  • E- Governance results into governance becoming SMART Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and transparent’ (SMART) thus making it more Citizen Centric due to the following reasons -
  • Improved efficiency of administration.
  • Single window

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Question 63

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

There has been an opinion that the ethos of Indian Judicial System continues to be colonial. Suggest measures for raising the level of judicial excellence for achieving speedy justices.

(10 Marks)

Explanation

Indian Judicial System

  • Judiciary is an important pillar of Indian democracy. It performs 2 imp functions:
    • Protect the Fundamental Rights of the citizens from exploitation by other organs of the state and private individuals and institutions.
    • To review the laws made by legislature and implemented by executive for their constitutional validity.
  • As Per Na

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Question 64

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Essay▾

Taylor’s contribution was not a set of general principles for Organising work efficiency, but a set of operating procedures that could be employed in each concrete situation to secure their application. Comment

Explanation

Taylor’s Contribution a Set of Operating Procedures

  • Principle approach focuses more on theoretical aspect of a situation and Set of operating procedures guides a Person about order in which Task is to be performed. As Taylor examined the Organisation from Shop floor level he developed various procedures to complete task. Apart from it he also tried

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Question 65

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Sound Performance Auditing is impossible without systematic Performance or Outcome Budgeting. ” Explain the relationship between the two.

Explanation

Sound Performance Auditing and Outcome Budgeting

  • Budgeting and auditing are the two important processes of financial administration. Budgeting indicates pre-budget decision making i. e. formulation and Auditing indicates post-budget decision making.
  • Performance budgeting was based on Taylorian principle and Classical Theory which was recommended by t

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