Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 54 - 59 of 167

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Question 54

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

″ Systems Theory ″ in essence is not a theory, but an approach to the study of administrative phenomena. ″ Comment (15 Marks)

Explanation

Systems Theory

  • System approach is described as a system comprising subsystem, structure, people, action and interaction that enable organization to perform certain functions.
  • Every system influences its subsystems and is also influenced by it.

David Easton and Chester Bernard

  • Were the main Proponent of Systems approach.
  • System theories argues that Admin…

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Question 55

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Digitalization provides great impetus to E-governance.” Discuss (10 Marks)

Explanation

Digitalization

  • Digitalization is the process of increased digital connectivity in the society and administration is paving way for greater e governance. E governance is the application of ICT technologies to government processes in order to make administration SMART i.e.. Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent. E-Governance uses digi…

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Question 56

Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern
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Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“A leader is a people՚s developer” (Napoleon) . Which aspects of subordinates development can be positively influenced by a leader? Discuss.

Explanation

Warren Bennis Dais Leadership

  • Warren Bennis dais Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality. While translating vision into reality leader influences, Motivates People across organization in various aspects.
  • Various Aspects like skill development, behavioural, Attitude Change, motivation, team spirit, value, service, led by example, l…

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Question 57

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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Efforts to strengthen State Finance Commissions have faced apathy of State Governments over the years, which has also affected the successive Central Finance Commissions in recommending appropriate fiscal transfers to local bodies. Substantiate the answer with example. (20 Marks)

Explanation

State Finance Commission (SFC)

State Finance Commission (SFC) is a constitutional body created by the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment, which has been mandated for the recommendation for the devolution of the finances as per the schedule 11 and schedule 12 to urban local bodies and Panchayat raj institutions.

Present Status of State Finance Com…

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Question 58

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Off all the processes involved in public policy, implementation is of greatest importance.” Examine the impediments in policy implementation (15 Marks)

Explanation

Public Policy

  • It is implementation of Public Policy through which will of the Government and People is realized.
  • By 1990s, most of the policies have failed as policy makers gave maximum imp to policy formulation and ignored its implementation aspect.
  • However, there are certain Impediments in Public Policy Implementation.
Impediments in Public Policy Implementation

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Question 59

Good Governance: Concept and Application
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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Governance is neither a paradigm nor a panacea for all the ills of government. It may be a more useful approach when other methods fail in providing public service.” Critically evaluate. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Governance

Governance is a way collectively solving the problem of society. Collective Process of Decision making and decision Execution.

Emergence of Governance

  • Governance emerge during 1980s as a panacea to ensure effective governance for instance - Osborne and Gaebler in their reinventing government book wrote we don՚t need big Govt. rather we need…

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