Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 55 - 61 of 269

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Question 55

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How do we explain self- defeating behaviour of a person from the Humanistic perspective? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Self-Defeating Behaviour and Humanistic Perspective

  • Self-defeating behaviour is a behaviour shown by a person when she or he is stuck in a vicious cycle of low self-esteem. The lowered self-esteem which leads to self-defeating behaviour can be explained using the concept of self-actualization and self-concept in humanistic perspective.
    • A person with …

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Question 56

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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How giftedness identified and what are the issues in such identification in Indian context? How is giftedness related to IQ and creativity? (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Gifted Children

Gifted children are, by definition, “Children who give evidence of high performance capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, leadership capacity, or specific academic fields, and who require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop such capabilities.”

Identifying Gifte…

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Question 57

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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What is paradoxical in REM sleep? How active is a person during different stages of sleep? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Definition

  • REM (rapid eye movement) is the second type of sleep we go into at night after NREM sleep. We first encounter REM around 90 minutes after falling asleep. The length of time we spend in REM becomes greater as the night progresses, so we get most of our REM sleep in the second half of the night. REM sleep is the state where we experience dr…

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Question 58

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Why do we forget? Differentiate between anterograde and retrograde amnesia. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Elizabeth Loftus

Elizabeth Loftus, has identified four major reasons why people forget: retrieval failure, interference, failure to store, and motivated forgetting.

Reasons for Forgetfuln ESS

Retrieval Failure: Decay Theory Explains About Retrieval Failure

  • According to decay theory, a memory trace is created every time a new theory is formed.
  • Decay theo…

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Question 59

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain how mass media contribute to acquisition and learning of aggressive and violent behavior. Examine the relationship between exposure to erotica and aggressiveness. (Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Mass Media Contribute to Acquisition and Learning of Aggressive and Violent Behaviour

  • One of the notable changes in our social environment in the twentieth century is the advent and saturation of mass media. In this new environment, radio, television, movies, videos, video games, and computer networks have assumed central roles in our daily lives. F…

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Question 60

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain Herzberg՚s theory of work-motivation. Critically comment on its relevance in Indian context. (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Herzberg՚S Theory of Work-Motivation

  • Frederick Herzberg՚s well known Two-Factor Theory was designed in year 1959. Based on two hundred engineers and accountant feedback collected in the USA regarding their personal feelings towards their working environments, Herzberg defined two sets of factors in deciding employees working attitudes and level of p…

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Question 61

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss some major factors of educational failure among tribal communities in India. Why must education of the disadvantaged emphasize development of self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation? (Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Major Factors of Educational Failure Among Tribal Communities in India

  • The Indian Constitution identifies for special consideration certain ethnic minority groups, traditionally referred to as tribes or tribals, as Scheduled Tribes (STs) who constitute around 8 per cent of the total population of the country.
  • There are 573 STs living in different par…

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