Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 48 - 54 of 269

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Question 48

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the importance of Critical Periods in language development. In what ways are bilingualism and cognitive development related? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Critical Periods in Language Development

  • Critical period in language acquisition is a controversial topic in psychology.
  • It is considered as significant in the process of language development.
  • According to Lundeberg, there are some difficulties in acquisition of language. First language acquisition is based on the neuro plasticity. He states that, lan…

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Question 49

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Do you think subliminal messages can actually lead to significant changes in attitudes or behaviour? Cite research evidence. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Subliminal Messages and Changes in Attitudes or Behaviour

  • Subliminal messages are stimuli that lie below our threshold of conscious awareness. Because they fall below the absolute threshold level (ATL) , we can՚t perceive a subliminal message, even if we՚re looking for it.
  • Some of the researches states that subliminal messages can actually lead to si…

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Question 50

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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People emphasize the personal traits more than the situational factors. Evaluate the statement. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Personal Traits and Situational Factors

  • People can be classified on the basis of their personality traits. Only on the basis of personal traits is also problematic because human beings are inconsistent. Some of the psychologists argue that people are inconsistent in their behavior. They behave according to the situation. Person-situation debate is a…

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Question 51

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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In what specific ways can psychologists work for empowering the communities that have been marginalized by the society? (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Psychologists and Marginalised Communities

  • A psychologist is a person who studies the human mind and tries to explain why people behave in the way that they do. Overall, psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat the psychological problems and the behavioural dysfunctions resulting from, or related to physical and mental health. In addition, they pla…

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Question 52

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Drug-addiction is just a maladaptive behaviour. Like other behaviour, it can be easily changed. Discuss (Paper 1)

Explanation

Drug Addiction

  • Drug addiction is a complex neurobiological disease that requires integrated treatment of the mind and body. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain — they change its structure and how it works. Without treatment, these brain changes can be long lasting. Addiction is chronic, it is progressive, and if left untr…

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Question 53

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically examine the role of cultural assimilation in facilitating or hindering social integration in India. Illustrate with suitable examples. (Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Cultural Assimilation

  • The process of taking on the characteristics of a culture by giving up one՚s own is called cultural assimilation. In order to fit in, people may need to pick up on and/or adhere to such things as local fashion trends and musical tastes, cultural norms and attitudes and/or body language habits and everyday slang. Assimilation ma…

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Question 54

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the interrelationship among achievement motivation, entrepreneurial behavior, and economic development. Discuss critically as to whether achievement motivation can be enhanced through training. Cite relevant Indian studies. (Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Definitions

  • The term achievement motivation may be defined by independently considering the words achievement and motivation. Achievement refers to competence (a condition or quality of effectiveness, ability, sufficiency, or success) . Motivation refers to the energization (instigation) and direction (aim) of behavior. Thus, achievement motivation …

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