Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 33 - 40 of 269

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Question 33

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the signal detection theory and explain its applications. (Section A)

Explanation

Signal Detection Theory

  • Psychophysics (which explains about the relationship between sensory capability and characteristics of stimulus) , states that absolute threshold determines the stimulus detection. Absolute threshold refers to the minimum intensity at which a stimulus can be detected. For example, absolute threshold for humans to detect visio…

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Question 34

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss how psychology can be applied in solving the problem of climate change? (Section A)

Explanation

Psychology and the Global Climate Change

  • Global climate change is a change in the long-term weather patterns that characterize the regions of the world.
  • The increased emission of greenhouse gases is one of the important reasons behind global climate change. Greenhouse gases include chloro-fluro carbons, carbon dioxide, methane nitrous oxide, and wate…

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Question 35

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Examine how perceptual learning is different from other types of learning. Give examples. (Section A)

Explanation

Learning

  • Learning is the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviours, skills, values, or preferences. Learning is often defined as a relatively lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience. It is actually an ongoing process that takes place throughout all of life.
  • Learning is mainly divided in to associative …

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Question 36

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the differences in information processing at various levels of memory. In what way is recall affected by initial processing of information? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Information Processing at Various Levels of Memory

  • The process through which learning occurs is discussed under information processing theory. To be more brief, information-processing theory analyses the encoding and retrieval of information in the memory. According to information processing theory, human memory system works like a computer or infor…

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Question 37

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Whatever we are, it is because of Genes. Discuss. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Genes

  • The role of nature and nurture is a topic of discussion since the study about human beings started. Many researchers have been conducted to study about their role. The following points discuss about it.
    • In 1990, Thomas J. Bouchard, Jr. and his colleagues (including esteemed twin researcher and PT blogger Nancy L. Segal) at the University of Min…

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Question 38

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Why do some people behave aggressively towards those who defy social norms? How can such aggressive behaviours be changed? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Aggressive Behaviour

  • Aggressive behaviour can cause physical or emotional harm to others.
  • It may range from verbal abuse to physical abuse.
  • It can also involve harming personal property.
  • Aggressive behaviour violates social boundaries. It can lead to breakdowns in your relationships. It can be obvious or secretive. Occasional aggressive outbursts are c…

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Question 39

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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According to Gardner՚s theory, there is no one kind of general intelligence for ranking individuals. Explain. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Gardner՚S Theory

Gardner՚S Theory
  • Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11,1943 in Scranton, Pennsylvania) is an American developmental psychologist. He developed multiple intelligence theory. According to him, human beings have different intelligence not a general intelligence. He criticized the theory of general intelligence.

    Logical-Mathematical Intellige…

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Question 40

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the role of meaningfulness and emotional arousal in encoding. Discuss the implications of encoding specificity principle. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Meaningfulness and Emotional Arousal in Encoding

  • Encoding the information, storing the information, and retrieving information are the basic functions of human memory system. Encoding information refers to the act of getting information in to our memory system through automatics or effortful processing.
    • Meaningfulness of the content has to a lot with…

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