Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 245 - 254 of 269

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Question 245

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How military psychologists help the people in military to recover from stress? (200 words)

Explanation

Military Psychologists and Recovery from Stress

Role of psychologist in stress management is at 4 different levels namely Assessment, direct Intervention, preventive intervention and rehabilitation.

  • Assessment is measuring state and trait contribution in stress. Conduct psychological tests for this purpose on a number of scales, which measures anger,…

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Question 246

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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“Digital Devices affect the development of Infants/Adults” . Elucidate. (200 words)

Explanation

Digital Devices and Their Effects on Development of Infants/Adults

  • Development of infants or adults can be viewed in three dimensions: physical; social and cognitive and the impacts of digital devices can be studies in these dimensions. The impacts will however vary from individual to individual.
  • The impact on physical development can stem from inade…

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Question 247

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Write in Short

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“Psychology is a Science” . Comment (100 words)

Question 248

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“You are the Class Teacher and certain students of your class are mischievous” . Suggest a Behavior modification plan for such students? (200 words)

Explanation

Behaviour Modification Plan for Mischievous Students

  • If it՚s teasing other students then the need is to apply techniques like super ordinate goals (as found in Tajfel studies) . Also, groups need to be formed to improve cohesion and reduce the prejudice/attitude which is behind the behavior.
  • The simplest way is to use techniques like respondent condi…

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Question 249

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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What is working memory? Explain. (250 Words)

Explanation

Working Memory

  • Working memory is the work bench of consciousness.
  • It՚s concerned with current activities we perform.
  • For example, dialling a phone number, performing mathematical calculations are done with the help of working memory.
Central Executive
  • Working memory is different from short term memory in the sense working memory is active whereas short …

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Question 250

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Explain why individuals are motivated to undertake terrorist activities? (200 words)

Explanation

Individuals and Motivation Behind Terrorist Activities

  • Researchers have established a fact that generally terrorists are neither mentally ill nor have a specific ‘personality profiling’ . This has led to the research in finding out the factors that act as “staircase to terrorism” . Some of these are:
  • Having a strong sense of victimization & alienatio…

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Question 251

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List out the characteristics of life span development.

Explanation

Characteristics of Life Span Development

Life span development is womb to doom process and has following characteristics:

  • It depends on biological, social and cultural factors.
  • It is as a stage wise process, where successful completion of the development task at one stage helps individual to fulfill the task of next stage with success.
  • Though stages ar…

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Question 252

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Psychology is Natural as well as Social Science. Discuss. (200 words)

Explanation

Psychology is Natural as Well as Social Science

  • Psychology is the scientific study of mental processes and experiences that determines behavior. This implies that it employs a scientific methodology to carry out a systematic study of events that are influenced by a social setting. This aspect makes Psychology both a natural as well as a social scien…

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Question 253

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Discuss on Misuses of Intelligence Tests? (200 words)

Explanation

Intelligence Test

Intelligence test measures individual՚s I. Q which is the measure of one՚s ability to think rationally, act purposefully and deal effectively with his environment.

The Potential Misuse of Intelligence Test

Over Promotion

  • That is possibility of test being oversold to its prospective clients.
  • Many testing psychological organizations exis…

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Question 254

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How Self-Awareness Leads to Effective Communication? (200 words)

Explanation

Self-Awareness and Effective Communication

  • Self-awareness allows for a listening that is free of assumptions and judgments that compromise a healthy communication. This helps us to arrange our thoughts and ideas so that the content of a communication becomes effective.
  • In a Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver Model of Communication: At sender and receive…

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