Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 233 - 244 of 265

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Question 233

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Short Answer▾

Give a brief overview of the nervous system

Question 234

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Name the various lobes present in the brain and write in brief about their functions respectively.

Explanation

Lobes Present in the Brain

  • The human brain comprises of four lobes. The frontal lobe (on the front), the temporal lobe (on the sides), the parietal lobe (on the top) and the occipital lobe (on the back of brain) respectively. Each lobe has its own specialty and has diverse functions.
    • Frontal (Front – Cognitive Skills)
    • Temporal (Side – Hearing)
    • Parietal

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Question 235

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Explain the various principles of Compliance

Explanation

Various Principles of Compliance

  • Principle of friendship or liking
  • Principle of Commitment/Consistency
  • Principle of Reciprocity
  • Principle of Scarcity
  • Principle of Social validation
  • Principle of Authority

Principle of Friendship or Liking

We are more willing to comply with requests from friends or from people we like than with requests from strangers or peo

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Question 236

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What is the result of practicing Non – Violence (Ahimsa) According to Patanjali Yogsutra?

Explanation

The Result of Practicing Non- violence is ceases All Hostility for Spiritual seeker.

Explanation:

  • Practice of Non - violence eliminates Jealous, Greed, Hostility and other Negative thoughts from our mind. It helps to refine our intellect
  • There are 8 Limbs of yoga, each one is essential for enter in next stage. Without mastery in previous one we cannot

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Question 237

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What is Hatha yoga?

Explanation

Hatha Yoga

  • Unification of ‘ha’- Surya nadi and ‘tha’- Chandra nadi called Hatha Yoga.
  • The Real goal of Hatha yoga is to attain Rajyoga. Rajyoga means “SAMADHI”.

Origination of Hatha Yoga

  • The Hatha Yoga is well known Practice in Yoga regime, practice of Hatha yoga is for Achieve “Rajyoga”. Hatha yoga invented By Natha cult. There are many cults in Hindu

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Question 238

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“It’s an art to be an effective communicator. Comment. (200 words)

Explanation

Effective Communicator

  • The process of communication involves a sender and receiver. And communication is not what the sender intends to say but what the receiver understands. Thus it is an art on the part of the sender to communicate his/her message effectively to the receiver.
  • Like in any art it is capability of the artist that determines effectiven

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Question 239

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Discuss different types of Personality Disorders? (300 words)

Explanation

Personality Disorder

A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment.

According to Diagnostic and Statistical Man

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Question 240

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Forgetting is natural, while extinction is experimentally induced. Elaborate.

Explanation

Forgetting and Extinction

Forgetting

  • It is defined as partial or complete loss of information from the long-term memory.
  • The basis of forgetting are associated with multiple processes like interference, motivated forgetting, encoding specificity or biochemical basis.
  • Unlike amnesia, which is pathological forgetting, forgetting is a natural phenomenon.

E

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Question 241

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Evaluate the Contribution of Psychology in dealing with the issue of gender discrimination? (200 words)

Explanation

Psychology and Gender Discrimination

  • Contribution of psychology in handling issue of gender discrimination should be viewed in light of research work carried by psychologist alongside the changing psyche of society and individual per se.
  • Attitudinal theorist plays a crucial role in describing discrimination and it’s often influenced by prejudicial at

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Question 242

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“Loneliness and Depression goes hand in hand” Comment. (200 words)

Explanation

Loneliness and Depression

  • Loneliness may not lead to depression but they go hand in hand. Both effect each other, and can also lead to each other.
  • Depressed people often become lonely because of its behavior. The irritation, anxiety etc. , emotions make them away from their friends and as they don’t want their friends and other near ones to know abou

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Question 243

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Comment on motivated forgetting. (100 Words)

Explanation

Motivated Forgetting

  • Motivated forgetting can be simply defined as the failure to retrieve unpleasant or threatening memories. Usually motivated forgetting is purposeful forgetting. For example, a person is highly motivated to forget a doctor’s appointment if he fears the doctor. There are two types of motivated forgetting conscious and unconscious.

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Question 244

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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How experimental designs differ from non-experimental and quasi experimental designs? (250 words)

Explanation

Experimental Designs Non-Experimental Designs and Quasi Experimental Designs

  • Experimental design is controlled observation of events that can be done within the confines of the lab then it is called Lab Experiment like in case of Skinner and when it is done on naturalistic setting then it is called Field Experiment as in the case of Sheriff’s Robber

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