Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 215 - 221 of 269

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Question 215

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the process of prejudice formation. State the psychological strategies that can be adopted for conflict resolution. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Prejudice Formation

  • Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect attitude (usually negative) towards an individual based solely on the individual՚s membership of a social group.
  • Most of the people have prejudice on anything. For example, some people have prejudice about people on the basis of their color of skin, race, gender etc.
  • It has been found that, …

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Question 216

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Evaluate the utility of JP Das model in understanding the concept of intelligence.

Explanation

JP Das՚S Model

  • Jagannath Prasad Das is an international scholar, who focused on redefining human intelligence by providing an empirical support.
  • He defined intelligence as the sum total of all cognitive processes.
  • It entails planning, coding of information and attention, as well as arousal. His major contribution to psychology is the Pass theory of in…

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Question 217

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What is meant by attribution? Describe, citing examples, the phenomenon of attributional augmentation.

Explanation

Attribution

  • Social psychologists tried to explain about different concept related to social relationship and human behaviour in social settings. One of such concept is attribution.
  • Attribution is the processes through which we seek to determine the causes behind others behaviour. It can be described as fairly an orderly process.
  • Through attribution a …

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Question 218

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically examine the metacognitive processes in the problem solving. How do functional fixedness and mental set interfere in solving problems effectively?

Explanation

Metacognition and Problem Solving

  • Metacognition refers to awareness of one՚s own knowledge — what one does and doesn՚t know — and one՚s ability to understand, control, and manipulate one՚s cognitive processes (Meichenbaum, 1985) .
  • Problem Solving is the term used for thinking or thought processes that are specifically aimed at finding solutions to sp…

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Question 219

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What biological factors explain mental disorders? Discuss. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Mental Disorder

  • A mental disorder is “a clinically significant behavioural or psychological syndrome or psychological pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.”
  • Mental disorders affect a person՚s emo…

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Question 220

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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In what ways psychological tests are useful in assessing individual differences? Answer with examples. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Psychological Tests

  • Psychological tests are those tests developed for assessing different aspects of human beings. There are different types of psychological tests. Intelligence tests, personality tests, aptitude tests, attitude tests are some of the examples. Each of these tests has its own objectives and aims.
  • There self-reporting scales, multiple …

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Question 221

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Give a comparative account of information processing models of intelligence proposed by Sternberg and JP Das.

Explanation

Information Processing Models of Intelligence Proposed by Sternberg and JP Das

  • Jagannath Prasad Das is an international scholar, who focused on redefining human intelligence by providing an empirical support.
  • He defined intelligence as the sum total of all cognitive processes. It entails planning, coding of information and attention, as well as arous…

… (457 more words) …