Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 208 - 214 of 265

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Question 208

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Demonstrate with suitable examples how the signal detection theory has helped in modifying the process of vigilance. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Signal Detection Theory

  • Detection theory or signal detection theory is a means to measure the ability to differentiate between information-bearing patterns and random patterns that distract from the information.
  • In modern psychology, vigilance, also termed sustained concentration, is defined as the ability to maintain concentrated attention over prol

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Question 209

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss how the process of group decision making can be used effectively in bringing about social change. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Group Decision Making

  • Group decision making is a type of participatory process in which multiple individuals acting collectively, analyze problems or situations, consider and evaluate alternative courses of action, and select from among the alternatives a solution or solutions.
  • Social change refers to any significant alteration over time in behavior

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Question 210

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Is Herzberg’s theory relevant for understanding work motivation in Indian organizations? Explain. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Herzberg’s Theory

  • Frederick Herzberg’s well known Two-Factor Theory was designed in year 1959.
  • Based on two hundred engineers and accountant feedback collected in the USA regarding their personal feelings towards their working environments, Herzberg defined two sets of factors in deciding employees working attitudes and level of performance, named Mo

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Question 211

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the role of psychologists in organizing tertiary level rehabilitation programs. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Role of Psychologists in Organizing Tertiary Level Rehabilitation Programs

  • Tertiary level rehabilitation program involves high-level of care. It is flexible and provides home like feelings with community interventions.
  • Tertiary level rehabilitation is found to very effective in treating people with mental illness.
  • It helps the patients to improve thei

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Question 212

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How can psychological theories be put to use to inoculate people against their impulsive buying behavior? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Psychological Theories and Impulsive Buying Behaviour

  • Shopping is a common behaviour among people. Nowadays, people buy a lot of things, even if they need those things urgently. Shopping malls, online shopping systems have changed the behaviours of consumer.
  • It made shopping easier. Hence the people have impulsive buying behaviour. This behaviour can

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Question 213

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Keeping in view the strife in current social situation, discuss how a psychologist can contribute towards providing interventions for such problems. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Psychologists Providing Interventions

  • Psychologists play an important role in dealing with different social problems in the society. It has separate branch, social psychology, which completely involves social theories and behavior and attitude of people towards social problems. In a country like India people face different social problems.
  • Even thoug

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Question 214

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What factors account for gender differences in India? Suggest some psychological measures to reduce gender differences. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Factors Accounting for Gender Differences in India

  • Gender inequality in India refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and women in India. Gender difference leads to many problems, especially to women community. They face problems in academic achievement, health facilities, economic conditions and social roles.
  • But

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