Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 200 - 207 of 269

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Question 200

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Evaluate the notion of programmed learning and describe its relevance for modern day education with suitable examples. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Programmed Learning Method

  • Programmed learning is a method of self-instruction that enlists machines or specially prepared books to teach information.
  • BF Skinner, the behaviourist in psychology introduced a concept of programmed instructions. It explains about the learning situation in which the learner learn through specially prepared equipment or b…

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Question 201

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What biological factors explain mental disorders? Discuss. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Biological Factors and Mental Disorders

  • A mental disorder is “a clinically significant behavioural or psychological syndrome or psychological pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.”
  • Mental disorde…

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Question 202

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Evaluate the psychological consequences of social media in interpersonal relationships. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Social Media Definition

  • Merriam-Webster defines social media as “forms of electronic communication (such as websites for social networking and micro blogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content (such as videos) .”
  • The examples for social media are Facebook, Instagram, WhatsA…

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Question 203

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Identify the most important changes that occur during adolescence.

Explanation

Most Important Changes Occurring During Adolescence

  • Adolescents are teenagers between thirteen to eighteen years old. It is considered as the period of changes.
  • They face physical, emotional and social change
The Important Chanages in Adolescence
  • Physical changes are one of the important changes in adolescence. This may be as a result of hormonal chang…

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Question 204

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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How far it is correct to state that most of the problems of psychology can be addressed more adequately by adopting quasi-experimental design? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Quasi-Experimental Design

  • A quasi-experiment is an empirical interventional study used to estimate the causal impact of an intervention on target population without random assignment.
  • Quasi experimental design is found to be generally effective in studying about different psychological phenomena. The major advantage of using quasi-experimental design…

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Question 205

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the salient features of psychodynamic therapies and evaluate their role in the prevention of mental illnesses. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Psychotherapeutic Technique

  • Sigmund Freud introduced the first method of psychotherapy to treat the people with mental illness. His important objective was to resolve the internal conflicts that can cause emotional disturbances.
  • His psychotherapeutic technique is termed as psychoanalysis or psychodynamic therapies. He used different techniques like f…

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Question 206

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine some important psychological principles underlying effective teaching learning process. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Teaching Learning Process

  • Teaching-learning process is the activity that happens between the teacher and the learner. It should be effective, and then only it yields better results for both the learner and teacher.
  • There are different principles underlying the effective teaching learning process. It has been organized into five areas of psychological…

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Question 207

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Describe Piaget՚s stages of cognitive development. Critique his theory. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Piaget՚S Stages of Cognitive Development

Image Shows Stages of Cognitive Developmen

Sensorimotor Stage (0 - 2 Years)

  • This is the first stage.
  • During this period infants develop primary circular reaction, the infant begins to coordinate separate aspects of movement; secondary circular reaction, they are directed toward manipulation of objects in the env…

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