Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 15 - 21 of 269

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Question 15

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“Human memory is not like information stored in a tape recorder or compact disc” . Critically evaluate the statement. (Section A)

Explanation

Human Memory

  • Sternberg defined memory as the means by which we draw on our past experiences in order to use this information in the present.
  • Different types of memories are explained in the table given below:
Different Types of Memories

Different Views

  • There are different views regarding the recall or reconstruction of human memory system. Some psycholo…

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Question 16

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Do you think being in a good mood reduces your capacity to process incoming information? Examine in the light of research studies. (Section B)

Explanation

Research Studies on Good Mood

  • Emotions are chemicals released in response to our interpretation of a specific trigger. It takes our brains about second to identify the trigger, and about another second to produce the chemicals. By the way, emotion chemicals are released throughout our bodies, not just in our brains, and they form a kind of feedbac…

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Question 17

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the significance and correlates of values. Comment on the impact of social media on values. (Section B)

Explanation

Value

  • A value is a belief about the desirability of a mode, means, or end of action (Kluckhohn 1951; Schwartz and Bilsky 1987) .
  • They are considered as the mind-brain processes that combine cognition and emotion.
  • It indicates the degree to which something is regarded as good versus bad.
  • A value tends to be general rather than specific, transcending par…

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Perception is plastic. However, it may also be affected by innate tendencies. Critically evaluate. (Section A)

Explanation

Perception and Innate Tendencies

  • Perception is the mental process of organizing sensations into meaningful patterns.
  • Perception (from the Latin perception) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.

Why Perception is Plastic?

  • Percepti…

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Question 19

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Compare the trait perspective and humanistic perspective on personality. (Section B)

Explanation

Personality Theory

  • A system of concepts, assumptions, ideas, and principles used to understand and explain personality.
  • Personality has been explained on different perspectives of psychology.
Major Personality Theory

Trait Theories

Attempt to learn what traits make up personality and how they relate to actual behaviour.

Psychodynamic Theories

Focus on the…

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Question 20

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“Creativity refers to novel ideas that address some problems in a useful way” . Critically examine the statement and discuss how creative insight can be explained. (Section B)

Explanation

Robert E. Franken

Robert E. Franken defined creativity as the tendency to generate or recognize ideas, alternatives, or possibilities that may be useful in solving problems, communicating with others, and entertaining ourselves and others.

Stages of Creativity

Stages of Creativity

Preparation

In this stage, the thinker formulates the problem and collect…

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Question 21

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What are the assumptions underlying ANOVA? Discuss the conditions when two way ANOVA is applied and how the results are interpreted with a hypothetical example? (Section A)

Explanation

ANOVA

  • ANOVA is used to compare differences of means among more than 2 groups.
  • Specifically, ANOVA compares the amount of variation between groups with the amount of variation within groups.
  • It can be used for both observational and experimental studies.

The basic assumptions underlying ANOVA are as follows:

  • Each group sample is drawn from a normally dis…

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