Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 192 - 199 of 265

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 265 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 750.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 192

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Critically evaluate whether the principles of participatory management are equally effective in bureaucratic organizations as in industrial organizations. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Participatory Management

  • Participatory management is the practice of empowering members of a group, such as employees of a company or citizens of a community, to participate in organizational decision making.
  • A bureaucratic organization is a form of management that has a pyramidal command structure.
  • Industrial organization is a field of economics deal

… (552 more words) …

Question 193

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Critically evaluate Erickson’s stages of psychosocial development.

Explanation

Erickson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

  • Erik Erickson (1902 - 1944) is a psychologist who was a follower of Freud. Later through researches and studies, he criticized Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and developed stages of psychosocial development.
    • According to him, mainly there are eight stages of development.
    • Resolution of crisis is

… (317 more words) …

Question 194

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss the brain mechanisms underlying hunger motive. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Brain Mechanisms and Underlying Hunger Motive

  • Hunger Motivation refers to the drive that living beings have to eat as a means of satisfying hunger.
  • Hunger motive is a part of sensation. Physiologically it represents the need to eat food. The state of hunger is generally considered as an unpleasant state which is manifested after a few hours of eating

… (242 more words) …

Question 195

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How can psychological theories be put to use to inoculate people against their impulsive buying behavior? (Paper-2)

Explanation

Psychological Theories

  • Shopping is a common behavior among people. Nowadays, people buy a lot of things, even if they need those things urgently. Shopping malls, online shopping systems have changed the behaviours of consumer.
  • It made shopping easier. Hence the people have impulsive buying behavior. This behavior can be controlled with application of

… (302 more words) …

Question 196

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss cognitive dissonance theory of attitude change.

Explanation

Cognitive Dissonance Theory of Attitude Change

  • Leon Festinger proposed consistency theory of attitude change, i. e. , cognitive dissonance theory.
  • It refers to the conflict that you feel when your behaviour is not consistent with attitudes.
  • For example, if a person believes that cigarettes cause cancer at the same time he smokes cigarettes. This creat

… (210 more words) …

Question 197

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain different types of psychoactive drugs and patterns of their use.

Explanation

Pyscho-Active Drugs

  • A psycho-active drug is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behaviour.
  • Mainly there are five groups of psycho-active drugs.
Image of The different types of psychoactive drugs

Image of the Different Types of Psychoactive Drugs

Loading image

Stimulants

  • Stimulants are the psychoactive drugs, whic

… (243 more words) …

Question 198

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How is competency mapping made use of for human resource development in modern organizations? Illustrate. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Definition

  • Competency Mapping is a process to identify key competencies for an organization and/or a job and incorporating those competencies throughout the various processes (i. e. job evaluation, training, recruitment) of the organization.
  • It is not just a skill or ability more than that it is a behavior involving communication and leadership.
  • Human

… (216 more words) …

Question 199

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyze the factors determining the efficacy of psychological tests. Discuss the limitations in the use of psychological tests. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Factors Determining the Efficacy of Psychological Tests

  • A psychological test is an objective proc for sampling and quantifying human behavior to make an inference about a particular psychological construct using standardize stimuli, and methods of administration.
  • There are different types of psychological tests.
  • For example, intelligence tests, person

… (679 more words) …