Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 185 - 191 of 269

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Question 185

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How far do you agree with the contention that a more preferred activity can be used to reinforce a less preferred activity? Also describe the types of reinforcement.

Explanation

Reinforcement

  • It is a consequence applied that will strengthen an organism՚s future behaviour whenever that behaviour is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus. It is a concept in behavioural psychology explained by BF Skinner in his theory operant conditioning.
  • It helps to increase the frequency of the behaviour, the duration of the behaviour or…

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Question 186

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How can psychological-wellbeing of service professionals be promoted? Discuss. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Psychological-Wellbeing of Service Professionals

  • Work or service is an important aspect in human life. Adults spend their half of their time on working or services. Psychological well-being is an important factor that affects the working condition.
  • It must be improved for the better condition of professionals. Psychological-wellbeing of professionals…

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Question 187

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What role can psychologists play in the development and implementation of “Skill India” scheme of the Government of India? (Paper-2)

Explanation

Skill India and National Development Mission

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a campaign named “Skill India” on 15th July 2015. The main objective of the program is to train about 40 crore people in the country by 2022.
  • “National Skill Development Mission” , “National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship” , “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal V…

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Question 188

Anterograde
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What do you understand by amnesia? Illustrate the types of amnesia with reference to the case of “H. M. ′ s brain operation” .

Explanation

Amnesia

  • Amnesia is a deficit in memory caused by brain damage, disease, or psychological trauma.
  • The extension of memory loss depends on the extent of damage caused to the brain. Memory loss may be partial or whole.
  • There are different types of amnesia. It can be explained by illustrating the case of Henry Gustav Molaison who is popularly known as H. …

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Question 189

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Analyze the impact of crowding on mental health. Discuss the psychological measures the can be adopted to reduce the stress resulting from crowding. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Crowding and Mental Health

  • Crowding, is a psychological construct wherein the amount of space available is less than desired and purely physical indices of physical space such as density.
  • Crowding results in psychological, social, and physical problems among people. The impact of crowding on mental health is discussed below:
Image Shows Impact of Crowding

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Question 190

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the approach to personality as evident in tri-gunas.

Explanation

Approach to Personality and Tri-Gunas

  • Triguna theory is a composite framework of tri-dimensional personality to aid the understanding of the mental make-up of the person.
  • Triguna is a concept explained in Indian philosophy, mainly in Bhagavat Gita. It is considered as a part of personality.
  • The guna is a term which means inherent energy. It is also te…

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Question 191

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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How far do you agree with the contention that research findings on infant memory can present novel approaches towards analyzing adult memories? Corroborate your answer with examples. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Research Findings on Infant Memory

  • ″ Memory is the means by which we draw on our past experiences in order to use this information in the present (Sternberg, 1999) .
  • Memory system is an important aspect of human life. It is developed from infancy to throughout the life. Psychologists have conducted different studies among infants and adults to study …

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