Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 179 - 184 of 269

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Question 179

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Does the need for affiliation come in the way of economic development of tribal people? Discuss. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Need for Affiliation and Way of Economic Development of Tribal People

  • The need for affiliation describes a person՚s need to feel a sense of involvement and “belonging” within a social group.
  • It is a positive concept proposed by David McClelland.
  • Henry Murray initially explained about psychological human needs.
  • McClelland was influenced by his concepts.
  • …

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Question 180

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the role of cognitive and behavioural therapies in improving the performance of sports persons. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Sports and Sports Persons

  • Sports need both physical and mental competence at the highest level. Even though there are different factors that affect the performance of sports person both cognitive and behavioural aspects are more important.
  • They may be facing different problems in their life. These problems may affect their mental health, hence their …

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Question 181

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss, with suitable examples, the key characteristics of within-group and between-groups designs.

Explanation

Key Characteristics of Within-Group and Between-Groups Designs

  • The design of experiment or experimental design is the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the variation of information under conditions that are hypothesized to reflect the variation.
  • The discipline like psychology conducts experiments for the scientific study and objecti…

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Question 182

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Evaluate the role of social agencies in rehabilitation of mentally and socially challenged persons. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Role of Social Agencies in Rehabilitation of Mentally and Socially Challenged

  • Rehabilitation is the process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury restore lost skills and so regain maximum self-sufficiency. It helps for the wellbeing of both mentally and physically challenged persons.
  • Social agencies play an important role in the r…

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Question 183

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Analyze the impact of crowding on mental health. Discuss the psychological measures the can be adopted to reduce the stress resulting from crowding. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Crowding and Mental Health

  • Crowding, is a psychological construct wherein the amount of space available is less than desired and purely physical indices of physical space such as density.
  • Crowding results in psychological, social, and physical problems among people. The impact of crowding on mental health is discussed below:
Image Shows Impact of Crowding

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Question 184

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the phenomenon of subliminal perception and explain it with reference to the concept of backward marking and visual priming. Do you think that the effect of the phenomenon of subliminal perception can be generalized?

Explanation

Subliminal Perception

  • Perception is an important concept in psychology. Subliminal perceptions, also known as subliminal messages, are messages, either visual or auditory, that are presented just beyond the threshold of human perception.
  • It has been found that, the messages from the subliminal perception might not be audible enough to register in the…

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