Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 171 - 178 of 269

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Question 171

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine the role of situational factors in criminal behavior. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Situational Factors

  • Situational Factors (also known as External Factors) are influences that do not occur from within the individual but from elsewhere like the environment and others around you.
  • Criminal behavior can be stated as “Any kind of antisocial behavior, which is punishable usually by law but can be punished by norms, stated by community”
  • As…

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Question 172

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain the contribution of Salovey and Mayer with regard to the concept of emotional intelligence.

Explanation

Emotional Intelligence

  • Emotional intelligence is the capability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behaviour, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one՚s goal (s) .
  • Even thoug…

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Question 173

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Illustrate the significance of value education in schools and comment on its relevance for personality development of children. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Value Education

  • Value education is the process by which people give moral values to each other. Value education generally starts from home. Children learn it from their parents and close relatives.
  • Then it can be provided from schools. Making value education as a part of academic curriculum helps to create a generation with values.

Significance of Val…

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Question 174

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Highlight the problems in assessment of personality using paper pencil tests? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Personality

  • Personality is an important aspect in psychology. Psychology deeply studies about personality and its related factors. There are different psychological theories which explain about personality. Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung etc. are some of the pioneers in developing the personality theories.
  • There are different psychological te…

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Question 175

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine some important psychological principles underlying effective teaching learning process. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Teaching-Learning Process

  • Teaching-learning process is the activity that happens between the teacher and the learner. It should be effective, and then only it yields better results for both the learner and teacher.
  • There are different principles underlying the effective teaching learning process. It has been organized into five areas of psychological…

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Question 176

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Are projective tests really projective in nature? Describe Rorschach and TAT and comment on their reliabilities.

Explanation

Projective Tests

  • A projective test is a personality test designed to let a person respond to ambiguous stimuli, presumably revealing hidden emotions and internal conflicts projected by the person into the test.
  • These tests are entirely different from other personality tests like self-report scales.
  • Hence, it is critically evaluated on the basis of obj…

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Question 177

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Bring out the disruption in retrieval processes due to anxiety, context and repression. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Information Retrieval

  • Information Retrieval (IR) is the activity of obtaining information from large collections of information sources in response to a need.
  • Disruptions in the retrieval process result in improper recall of information or retrieval process.

Retrieval Process and Anxiety

  • Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worri…

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Question 178

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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What are the general strategies used in problem solving? How do these differ from domain-specific procedures? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Problem Solving

  • Problem-solving refers to the mental process that people go through to discover, analyze, and solve problems.
  • Psychology explains about different strategies which can be used for solving problems.

They are as follows:

Algorithms

  • An algorithm is a step-by-step procedure that will always produce a correct solution.
  • The best example for algo…

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