Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 164 - 170 of 269

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Question 164

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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How does Chomsky՚s theory differ from that of Skinner in language development? Discuss. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Language Development

  • Language development is a higher level cognitive skill involving audition and oral abilities in humans to communicate verbally individuals wants and needs.
  • Language development is an important aspect in psychology. Many psychologists tried to develop theories on development of language. Noam Chomsky and Skinner are some among the…

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Question 165

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Analyze the factors determining the efficacy of psychological tests. Discuss the limitations in the use of psychological tests. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Psychological Test

  • A psychological test is an objective proc for sampling and quantifying human behavior to make an inference about a particular psychological construct using standardize stimuli, and methods of administration.
  • There are different types of psychological tests.
  • For example, intelligence tests, personality tests, aptitude tests etc.
  • There…

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Question 166

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How is competency mapping made use of for human resource development in modern organizations? Illustrate. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Competency Mapping and Human Resource Development

  • Competency Mapping is a process to identify key competencies for an organization and/or a job and incorporating those competencies throughout the various processes (i.e.. job evaluation, training, recruitment) of the organization.
  • It is not just a skill or ability more than that it is a behavior invol…

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Question 167

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Review Bandura՚s social learning theory and evaluate its impact on understanding aggression as a result of media generated violence. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Bandura՚S Social Learning Theory

  • Social learning theory is a theory of learning process and social behavior which proposes that new behaviours can be acquired by observing and imitating others. Albert Bandura is a prominent psychologist who explained about observational learning.
  • Observational learning is a concept explained by Albert Bandura through…

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Question 168

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How can human engineering be put to use in devising instruments that are used by the defence personnel posted in the border areas? Discuss. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Human Engineering

  • Human engineering is the science of human behavior and capability, applied to the design and operation of systems and technology.
  • It mainly deals with relationship between man and machine. It can be put to use in devising instruments that are used by the defence personnel in the border areas. It is discussed below.
Image Shows Human Engineering & Defence Personnel
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Question 169

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the role of socio-cultural factors in promotion of well-being across major stages of life span? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Role of Socio-Cultural Factors in Promotion of Well-Being

  • There are a number of factors that can influence a person՚s well-being.
  • It can be termed as the determinants of well-being.
  • There are different socio-cultural factors in promotion of well-being across major stages of life span.

They are explained as follows:

Image Shows Factors in Promotion of Well-Being Across

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Question 170

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain motivational concepts with reference to homeostatic model.

Explanation

Motivation

  • Motivation is the basic concept related to human behaviour. Motivation is the process of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals.
    • There are different theories about motivation from different perspectives. Drive reduction theory is one among them.
    • It is considered as the homeostatic model, which explains about motivational conc…

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