Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 157 - 163 of 269

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Question 157

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What factors account for gender differences in India? Suggest some psychological measures to reduce gender differences. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Gender Differences in India

  • Gender inequality in India refers to health, education, economic and political inequalities between men and

    women in India. Gender difference leads to many problems, especially to women community. They face problems in academic achievement, health facilities, economic conditions and social roles.

  • But some people argue that …

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Question 158

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What role can media play in the promotion of small family norm in the Indian culture? (Paper-2)

Explanation

Media՚S Role in the Promotion of Small Family Norm in the Indian Culture

  • Family welfare programs implemented in the country is successful in transforming joint families in to small families. Joint families consist of people from tow generation whereas; small families or nuclear family consist of parents and their children.
  • The number of children per …

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Question 159

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: Discuss the efficacy of behavior therapies in the prevention of mental illnesses. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Efficacy of the Behaviour Therapies

  • Behavior therapy can be defined as any therapy designed to actively change the behaviour. It involves learning principles which helps to make changes in human behaviour constructively. According to behaviour therapists there is no need for deep understanding about problems.
  • They try to make changes in troublesome a…

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Question 160

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the salient features of psychodynamic therapies and evaluate their role in the prevention of mental illnesses. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Psychotherapeutic Technique

  • Sigmund Freud introduced the first method of psychotherapy to treat the people with mental illness. His important objective was to resolve the internal conflicts that can cause emotional disturbances.
  • His psychotherapeutic technique is termed as psychoanalysis or psychodynamic therapies. He used different techniques like f…

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Question 161

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the characteristics of Gardner՚s theory of intelligence.

Explanation

Gardner՚S Theory of Intelligence

  • Intelligence is an important subject matter in psychology. Many theorists tried to explain it in different terms.
    • The characteristics and components of intelligence are also explained differently by different theorists and psychologist.
    • For example, Robert Sternberg explained it through “g” factor and “s” factors. It i…

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Question 162

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Evaluate the psychological consequences of social media in interpersonal relationships. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Merriam-Webster

  • Merriam-Webster defines social media as “forms of electronic communication (such as websites for social networking and micro blogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content (such as videos) .”
  • The examples for social media are Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, twit…

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Question 163

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Do the cultural settings influence the understanding and evaluation of meanings of external stimuli? Provide suitable justification for your answer. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Cultural Settings and External Stimuli

  • External Stimuli are reactions to the world around you, for instance someone throws something at you, you flinch.
  • Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
  • Culture plays an important role in different aspe…

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