Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 150 - 156 of 269

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Question 150

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Distinguish between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Which one is powerful and why? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation

  • Motivation is defined by psychologists as the process by which activities are started, directed, and sustained so that certain needs are met, either psychological or physical.
  • Mainly there are two types of motivation. They are intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. There are many differences between these tw…

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Question 151

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the physiological changes that are accompanied by shifts in consciousness in the process of sleep. Also discuss major sleep disorders.

Explanation

Physiological Changes and Process of Sleep

  • Sleep is a process in which important physiological changes and slowing basic bodily functions that are accompanied by major shifts in consciousness.
    • It has been found that most of the human beings spend their entire live one-third for sleeping.
    • Sleeping is an important function of living beings. Researchers …

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Question 152

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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What is an aptitude? Describe the various tests of aptitude. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Aptitude

  • An aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain level. Talent is a part of aptitude or outstanding aptitude is considered as talent. It can be physical or mental which is an inborn potential.
  • An aptitude test is designed to assess what a person is capable of doing or to predict what a person is able to le…

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Question 153

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Cognitive psychologists often use computer as an analogy to explain the relation between cognition and brain. ″ Discuss

Explanation

Cognitive Psychologists

  • Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as “attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking” .
  • Cognitive psychology is one of the branches of psychology, which is integrated with abnormal psychology, social psychology, educational psychology, developmental psychology et…

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Question 154

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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In what ways psychological tests are useful in assessing individual differences? Answer with examples. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Psychological Tests and Individual Differences

  • Psychological tests are those tests developed for assessing different aspects of human beings. There are different types of psychological tests. Intelligence tests, personality tests, aptitude tests, attitude tests are some of the examples. Each of these tests has its own objectives and aims.
  • There self-…

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Question 155

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What role can psychologists play in the development and implementation of “Skill India” scheme of the Government of India? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Skill India and National Development Mission

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a campaign named “Skill India” on 15th July 2015. The main objective of the program is to train about 40 crore people in the country by 2022.
  • “National Skill Development Mission” , “National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship” , “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal V…

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Question 156

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Evaluate the role of social agencies in rehabilitation of mentally and socially challenged persons. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Role of Social Agencies in Rehabilitation of Mentally and Socially Challenged Persons

  • Rehabilitation is the process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury restore lost skills and so regain maximum self-sufficiency. It helps for the wellbeing of both mentally and physically challenged persons.
  • Social agencies play an important role …

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