Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 143 - 149 of 265

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Question 143

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the process of prejudice formation. State the psychological strategies that can be adopted for conflict resolution. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Prejudice Formation

  • Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect attitude (usually negative) towards an individual based solely on the individual’s membership of a social group.
  • Most of the people have prejudice on anything. For example, some people have prejudice about people on the basis of their color of skin, race, gender etc.
  • It has been found that,

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Question 144

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Show your acquaintance with the cognitive approach to classical conditioning and describe how classical conditioning principles can be used to solve everyday problems.

Explanation

Classical Conditioning

  • Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) refers to a learning procedure in which a biologically potent stimulus (e. g. food) is paired with a previously neutral stimulus (e. g. a bell).
    • There are different types of classical conditioning. Among those forward conditioning is considered as the m

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Question 145

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically evaluate whether the principles of participatory management are equally effective in bureaucratic organizations as in industrial organizations. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Participatory Management

  • Participatory management is the practice of empowering members of a group, such as employees of a company or citizens of a community, to participate in organizational decision making.
  • A bureaucratic organization is a form of management that has a pyramidal command structure.
  • Industrial organization is a field of economics deal

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Question 146

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What role can media play in the promotion of small family norm in the Indian culture? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Media and Small Family Norm in the Indian Culture

  • Family welfare programs implemented in the country is successful in transforming joint families in to small families. Joint families consist of people from tow generation whereas; small families or nuclear family consist of parents and their children.
  • The number of children per parent is also decrease

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Question 147

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine the role of situational factors in criminal behavior. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Situational Factors

  • Situational Factors (also known as External Factors) are influences that do not occur from within the individual but from elsewhere like the environment and others around you.
  • Criminal behaviour can be stated as “Any kind of antisocial behavior, which is punishable usually by law but can be punished by norms, stated by community”
  • A

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Question 148

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the processing of sensory input and explain how it is selected, organized and interpreted.

Explanation

Sensory Processing

  • Sensory Processing – or Integration as it is also known – is the effective registration (and accurate interpretation) of sensory input in the environment (including one’s body). Sensation refers to the immediate response of our sensory receptors (eyes, ears, nose, mouth, fingers) to such basic stimuli as light, colour, and sound.
    • T

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Question 149

Anterograde
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Citing studies on amnesia show how the explicit and implicit memory systems are separate. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Amnesia

  • Amnesia, loss of memory occurring most often as a result of damage to the brain from trauma, stroke, Alzheimer disease, alcohol and drug toxicity, or infection.
  • Implicit memory is memory that is not consciously recalled and is produced via indirect processes
  • Explicit memory, also referred to as declarative memory, is conscious long-term memory

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