Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 135 - 142 of 269

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Question 135

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How can psychological-wellbeing of service professionals be promoted? Discuss. (Papre-2)

Explanation

Psychological-Wellbeing of Service Professionals

  • Work or service is an important aspect in human life. Adults spend their half of their time on working or services. Psychological well-being is an important factor that affects the working condition.
  • It must be improved for the better condition of professionals. Psychological-wellbeing of professionals…

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Question 136

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss how the process of group decision making can be used effectively in bringing about social change. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Definitions

  • Group decision making is a type of participatory process in which multiple individuals acting collectively, analyze problems or situations, consider and evaluate alternative courses of action, and select from among the alternatives a solution or solutions.
  • Social change refers to any significant alteration over time in behavior patterns a…

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Question 137

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain the phenomenon of explicit and implicit memory. Also critically evaluate Tulving՚s model of long-term memory.

Explanation

Memory

  • Memory can be defined as the mental system for receiving, encoding, storing, organizing, altering, and retrieving information.
  • Mainly there are three-memory system, which acts like information processing in computer.
  • Firstly, the information is encoded. Then the encoded information is stored in memory system. This stored information can be retr…

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Question 138

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain the components of attitude and examine the methods of attitude formation.

Explanation

Attitude

  • Attitude is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person.
    • It is explained as a complex process and also acquired through experience. It influences the thought and action of an individual.
    • According to Allport it is “the most distinctive and indispensable concept in contemporary social psy…

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Question 139

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Under what kind of research conditions does the use of factor analysis become necessary? Discuss. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Factor Analysis

  • Factor analysis is a statistical data reduction and analysis technique that strives to explain correlations among multiple outcomes as the result of one or more underlying explanations, or factors.
  • Factor analysis mainly involves data reduction. Hence it helps to represent two or more variables in small number. It plays an important r…

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Question 140

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Illustrate the significance of value education in schools and comment on its relevance for personality development of children. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Value Education

  • Value education is the process by which people give moral values to each other. Value education generally starts from home. Children learn it from their parents and close relatives.
  • Then it can be provided from schools. Making value education as a part of academic curriculum helps to create a generation with values.

Significance of Val…

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Question 141

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Illustrate with suitable examples the non-verbal process of communication. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Non-Verbal Process of Communication

  • Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning “to share” ) is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules. Mainly there are two types of communication. They are verbal communication and nonverbal communication.
  • Verbal c…

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Question 142

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss briefly the evolution of factor theory of intelligence in works of Spearman, Thurstone and Guilford? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Evolution of Factor Theory of Intelligence

  • Intelligence is an important concept in Psychology.
  • Many psychologists developed different theories of intelligence.
  • According to theories there are different factors that contribute to intelligence. Factor analysis is an important method followed by theorists like Spearman, Thurstone and Guilford. Factor ana…

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