Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 7 - 14 of 269

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Question 7

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain deviate behavior in light of psychopathic personality. (Paper II)

Explanation

Deviate Behaviour and Psychopathic Personality

  • Illness is a function of cause, dependent on which it is classified. There are illnesses which have multiple causes. A grouping of disorders is done on the basis of its etiology.
  • Similarly, personality disorders should be based on their etiology and not on their symptoms.
  • Psychopathic personality disorder…

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Question 8

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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How have neuroscientists and evolutionary scientists contributed to modern psychology? (Section A)

Explanation

Neuroscientists and Evolutionary Scientists

  • Psychology is a discipline, which has different branches.
  • It includes developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, abnormal psychology, social psychology etc.
  • Even science of evolution and neuroscience are also a part of psychology.
  • The subject psychology is complete with the contribution of the discipline…

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Question 9

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Differentiate between various developmental tasks of young men and women in India. (Section A)

Explanation

Developmental Tasks

  • A developmental task is a task that arises at or about a certain period in life, unsuccessful achievement of which leads to inability to perform tasks associated with the next period or stage in life.
  • A developmental task is one that arises predictably and consistently at or about a certain period in the life of the individual (Ha…

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Question 10

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Are emotionally competent people internally controlled? Explain. What are the ways to enhance intrinsic motivation of young adults? (Section B)

Explanation

Emotional Competence

The concept of emotional competence is rooted in understanding emotions as normal, useful aspects of being human. Anger is a reaction to aggression and gives a person the strength to repel the aggression. Though anger is usually seen in a negative light, sometimes it can also serve the purpose of protection. Grief is a reaction …

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Question 11

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Describe how JP Das՚s theory is distinct from other theories of intelligence. (Section B)

Explanation

JP Das՚S Theory

  • Jagannath Prasad Das is an international scholar, who focused on redefining human intelligence by providing an empirical support.
  • He defined intelligence as the sum total of all cognitive processes.
  • It entails planning, coding of information and attention, as well as arousal. His major contribution to psychology is the Pass theory of i…

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Question 12

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the various limitations of verbal communication. (Section B)

Explanation

Communication

  • Communication is a process that allows organisms to exchange information by several methods.
  • It is a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behaviour.
The Communication
  • Verbal communication is the use of auditory language to exchange information with other people. It inc…

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Question 13

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the concept of self-serving bias and fundamental attribution error. How do they affect problem solving?

(Section B)

Explanation

Self-Serving Bias

  • It occurs when people are more likely to claim responsibility for successes than failures. It refers to the tendency for people to evaluate ambiguous information in a way beneficial to their interests. The term was first suggested by Dale Miller and Michael Ross. It may be a simply be a form of wishful thinking.
  • Self-serving bias pe…

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Question 14

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Demonstrate the importance of shallow and deep levels of processing in remembering. With the help of daily life examples, explain how retrieval cues enable us to remember. (Section A)

Explanation

Attention

  • Attention to a given stimulus is important for encoding the information.
  • It depends on which aspect of stimulus the individual focuses.
  • The process of remembering is influenced by the quality of attention.
  • In an influential theoretical treatise, Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart (1972) proposed that incoming information can be processed at dif…

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