Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 115 - 121 of 265

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Question 115

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the role of mass media in value development. How can the mass media and information technology be used for promoting pro-social values? (Paper II)

Explanation

Role of Mass Media in Value Development

  • In the present world media has an important role in changing human behaviour. Human beings are greatly influenced by media. Media controls and change human behaviour and values.
    • The news and programs broadcasted by media are daily viewed by common people. Different programs and advertisement are also propagated

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Question 116

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the behavioural cognitive therapy by Ellis with the steps involved in it. (Paper II)

Explanation

Behavioural Cognitive Therapy by Ellis

  • Albert Ellis has explained a model of psychotherapy, which is entirely different from behaviour therapy.
  • According to behavioural cognitive therapy, clients themselves are taught to develop a functional cognitive state of their own upset emotional experience.

Three Stages Involved

Image Of The Three stages

Image of the Three Stages

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Question 117

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Discuss how social integration can be promoted in India in the light of intergroup contact hypothesis and crossed categorization research. (Paper II)

Explanation

Contact Hypothesis

  • Contact hypothesis is a theory proposed by Gordon All port about intergroup relations.
    • According to this theory, he states that prejudice between majority and minority group members can be reduced by interpersonal contact under appropriate conditions.
    • Hence, it is also known as intergroup contact theory. He assumes that proper conta

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Question 118

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain reciprocal inhibition in behaviour therapy and point out its theoretical basis. (Paper II)

Explanation

Behavioural Therapy

  • Behavioral therapy seeks to identify and help change potentially self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours.
    • It functions on the idea that all behaviours are learned and that unhealthy behaviours can be changed.
    • Reciprocal inhibition is a type of behavioural therapy. It is proposed by Joseph Wolphe. Reciprocal inhibition can defined

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Question 119

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain how hallucinations and delusional contents differ in paranoid and non -paranoid schizophrenia. (Paper II)

Explanation

Hallucinations and Delusional Contents

  • Among the severe mental disorders, schizophrenia is very commonly seen in every population.
    • Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized in general by fundamental distortions of thinking and perception, delusions, inappropriate or blunted affect, and disorganized behavior (ICD 10).
    • It is a clinical syndr

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Question 120

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Why it is important to understand psychological process for other disciplines of social science? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Understanding Psychological Process for Other Disciplines of Social Science

  • In general, we can find that most of disciplines are interrelated. Especially, the disciplines from social science. One discipline depends on other discipline for many purposes. These all disciplines are focused on the scientific study about human society.
  • Human society invol

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Question 121

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain how the fundamental understanding of psychology is helpful in the resolution of societal problems.

Explanation

Fundamental Understanding of Psychology

  • Psychology is the discipline, which deals with the scientific study about human mind and behaviour.
  • Human is a social being, hence fundamental understanding of psychology is helpful in the resolution of societal problems.
  • This can be illustrated by following examples:
    • Psychology explains about different types of

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