Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 102 - 107 of 265

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Question 102

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Which psychological and cultural factors will facilitate the success of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ programme? How can this programme be promoted through information technology and mass media? (Paper II)

Explanation

‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ Programme and Its Promotion through Information Technology and Mass Media

  • A nation’s development and growth can be assessed by the empowerment of women in that nation.
    • While analysing Indian history, we can notice that women empowerment has been one of the major concerns during all the periods. Still, the government and soci

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Question 103

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Discuss the challenges and opportunities offered by multiculturalism and diversity in today’s organizations. (Paper II)

Explanation

Multiculturalism and Diversity in Today’s Organizations

  • An organization is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association that has a particular purpose.
    • There are different types of organizations. For example, governmental organization, non-government organization, religious organization etc.
    • Multiculturalism is the co-

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Question 104

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the concept of incongruence in person-cantered therapy? (Paper II)

Explanation

Person-Centered Therapy

  • In 1950s, a different approach in Psychology was developed in USA, namely humanistic perspective.
    • Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow are some of the proponents of this perspective. They wanted psychology to be simpler and optimistic as compared to other perspectives of psychology like psychoanalysis.
    • Carl Rogers introduced person-cant

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Question 105

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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What is the role of the community in handling social problems? Prepare a plan for involving the community to handle crime against women (Paper II)

Explanation

Community and Social Problems

  • Social problem refers to an issue that influences a considerable number of individuals within a society.
    • Every society faces different problems. A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
    • A community can be classified o

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Question 106

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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In the light of various theories of leadership, what kind of leaders will be effective in bringing about social change? (Paper II)

Explanation

Leadership and Social Change

  • Leadership is an important factor in determining social change and development.
  • Leadership is the process in which one person sets the purpose or direction for one or more other persons and gets them to move along together with him or her and with each other in that direction with competence and full commitment.
  • Kurt Lewin

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Question 107

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Large number of people all over the world are forced to leave their homeland because of violence. What are the psychological problems faced by such victims of violence? Discuss a plan for their rehabilitation. (Paper II)

Explanation

Psychological Problems Faced by Victims of Violence

  • While analysing the current scenario, people all over the world suffer from violence.
    • Wars, communal riots are some of the reasons behind this. As result of such violence, many people are forced to leave their homeland and migrate to another place or country.
    • Along with the after effects of violence,

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