Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 82 - 87 of 265

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Question 82

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Creative people usually have high IQ scores but those with highest IQ scores are not necessarily the most creative people. Explain. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Creative People and IQ Scores

  • It has been for many years, researchers studying about the relationship between intelligence and creativity. This topic is yet under discussion and studies are going on. One of the major concept that explains about the relationship between creativity and intelligence is threshold hypothesis. According to threshold hypot

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Question 83

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What role do cultural factors play in rehabilitation of senior citizens with possible memory and cognitive decline? Comment on significance of family and social support in such rehabilitation in India. (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Rehabilitation

  • Majority of elderly people are faced with memory and cognitive decline. Memory loss includes illness like dementia, Alzheimer’s, etc.
  • Cognitive change as a normal process of aging has been well documented in the scientific literature.
  • Some cognitive abilities, such as vocabulary, are resilient to brain aging and may even improve with ag

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Question 84

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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In the context of positive social change differentiate between first-order and second-order change. Why is the second-order change often the focus of community psychology? (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Social Change and Community Psychology

  • Social change refers to the ways in which a society (rather than an individual) develops over time to replace beliefs, attitudes, and behavior with new norms and expectations. Change can be positive or negative. Positive social changes create positive effects on the society. These changes obviously have effect

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Question 85

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Can we determine a person’s academic performance based only on IQ score? Explain. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Academic Performance and IQ Score

  • Robert Sternberg defined intelligence as “mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection, and shaping of real-world environments relevant to one’s life. ”
  • Intelligence and academic performance are related to each other. But we have to examine whether a person’s academic performance based only on I

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Question 86

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the role of social and environmental intervention in rehabilitation of the mentally challenged. Why are such interventions crucial in Indian settings?

(Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

The AAMR (1992) Definition of Mental Retardation

  • The AAMR (1992) definition of mental retardation, manifesting before age 18, refers to a substantial limitations in present functioning, characterized by significantly sub-average intellectual functioning which exists concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following adaptive skill

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Question 87

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What role can psychologist play in promoting psychological well-being of defence personnel in the context of prolonged derivational and stressful condition?

(Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Promoting Psychological Well-being

  • Mental health is an expression of emotions, which signifies a successful adaptation to a range of demands. Psychological well-being is one of the most significant behavioural aspects of those military personnel who have spent their quality lifetime in the service of a nation. They have made best use of their abilit

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