Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 75 - 81 of 265

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Question 75

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the different steps in construction and standardization of psychological tests. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples. (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Psychological Tests

  • A psychological test is an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behavior.
  • The development of a good psychological test requires six essential steps:
Image of Six Essential Steps

Image of Six Essential Steps

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  • The first step in test construction is planning. It involves outline of the subject matter, test content, format, instructions,

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Question 76

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the nature of sensitivity training. Comment on its utility as an organizational development technique. (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Sensitivity Training

  • Sensitivity training is a psychological technique in which intensive group discussion and interaction are used to increase individual awareness of self and others.
  • It is practiced in a variety of forms under such names as T-group, encounter group, human relations, and group-dynamics training.
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Image of Nature of Sensitivity Training

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Question 77

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the relevance of frustration-aggression hypothesis in the context of caste prejudice in India. (Paper 2 Section B)

Explanation

Frustration–Aggression Hypothesis

  • The frustration–aggression hypothesis, otherwise known as the frustration–aggression–displacement theory, attempts to explain why people scapegoat. It is a theory of aggression proposed by John Dollard, Neal E. Miller et al. in 1939, and further developed by Miller, Roger Barker et al. in 1941 and Leonard Berkowitz

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Question 78

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the distinctive the aspects of modern psychodynamic therapy. How can it be helpful in the treatment of diverse array of disorders? (Paper 2 Section A)

Explanation

Modern Psychodynamic Therapy

  • Psychodynamics is the systematized study and theory of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, emphasizing the interplay between unconscious and conscious motivation. The original concept of “psychodynamics” was developed by Sigmund Freud.
  • Freud suggested that psychological processes are flows of psychologi

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Question 79

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Describe how you used psychology to solve a social problem. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Psychology and Social Problem

  • Social problems are common in all societies at any time. Those problems should be dealt effectively. Otherwise, it may lead to serious many other issues. Even though if solve one problem, the other may arise soon. Psychology is one of the disciplines, which could deal with social problems effectively. In that, the branc

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Question 80

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain different types of reasoning processes used in problem solving with their strengths and limitations. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Types of Reasoning Processes

  • As Sherman defined, reasoning is a process of thinking during which the individual is aware of a problem identifies, evaluates, and decides upon a solution”.
  • Inductive reasoning takes specific observations and makes general conclusions out of them. It is often contrasted with deductive reasoning, which takes general prem

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Question 81

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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In a study, the number of student’s intake in a college correlated very highly with violence. Explain the research finding. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Correlation and Research Finding

  • Correlation is a statistical measure that indicates the extent to which two or more variables fluctuate together.
  • A positive correlation indicates the extent to which those variables increase or decrease in parallel; a negative correlation indicates the extent to which one variable increases as the other decreases.
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Image Shown Correlation Theory

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