Optionals IAS Mains Psychology: Questions 1 - 6 of 265

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Question 1

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Explain glass ceiling effect. Do you think women despite of their performance records are unable to take equal edge with men? Give examples in support of your answer.

Explanation

Glass Ceiling Effect

  • There is no doubt that significant progress has been achieved in furthering the cause of gender equality in the labour market over recent decades. Women have been moving steadily into occupations, professions and managerial jobs previously reserved for men. Their access to education and training continues to improve, providing m

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Question 2

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What is the difference between simulation and imagery? Explain with example its applications to sports psychology.

Explanation

Difference between Simulation and Imagery

  • The simulation or, “mental simulation”, is a theory of everyday human psychological competence: that is, of the skills and resources people routinely call on in the anticipation, explanation, and social coordination of behavior. According to this we represent the mental states and processes of others by ment

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Question 3

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Differentiate between intersensory and extrasensory perception. Explain various views on intersensory perception demonstrate how child’s development is governed.

Explanation

Intersensory and Extrasensory Perception

Perception

  • It is the process through which information gathered by the senses is interpreted by the brain.
  • Current views of perception emphasize that we are biologically equipped at birth to perceive the world in certain ways, that new-borns have perceptual abilities, and that many aspects of perception reach a

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Question 4

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Stress for better performance amongst school children is a burgeoning issue. Does our education system convey what it is meant for? Evaluate the role of parents and teachers to help children come up with the problem.

Explanation

Role of Parents and Teachers to Help Children Come up with the Problem

  • Stress in individuals is defined as any interference that disturbs a person’s healthy mental and physical wellbeing. It occurs when the body is required to perform beyond its normal range of capabilities. Thus in life of a student, the fear to be evaluated negatively, to rise abo

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Question 5

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Briefly explain the various therapeutic approaches. How does Indian yoga therapy works? Evaluate the efforts brought into this concept by various organizations and people like Art of Living, Baba Ramdev and many more.

Explanation

Various Therapeutic Approaches

  • Therapeutic approaches aim at producing change for the better in the thought processes, emotions, activities, and bodily processes.
  • However differences exist about how these changes can be brought about and which is to be changed first. There are five important types of therapies:

Biomedical Therapies

  • These are physiologi

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Question 6

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Explain psychopathic personality and state how it is related to deviant behavior?

Explanation

History of Psychopathy

  • Psychopathy has been a growing topic of interest since the early 19th century. In 1801 a French psychiatrist, Phillipe Pinel observed a group of people that seemed to behave crazily without actually being crazy, which led him to coin the term “manie sans delire” means insanity without delirium. Many people give their contribut

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