Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 1 of 398


Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail


Decline of Indian Parliament


The Decline of Indian Parliament

Decline of Indian Parliament

  • The Indian Parliament is the apex legislative body of the country.
  • It is a bicameral body comprising of a Lower House (Lok Sabha) and Upper House (Rajya Sabha)
  • The members of the Lok Sabha are elected directly by the people through General Elections, while members of the Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of the members of state legislative assemblies.
  • The members of the two Houses are regarded as the representatives of the people of India.
  • They discuss and debate the issues concerning the welfare of the people and pass laws for the same.
  • However, with time, the role of Parliament has become secondary to the executive, which seems to have a disproportionate amount of power compared to the legislature.
  • The executive in India comprises of the President, the PM and the Council of Ministers.
  • The executive introduces bills in the legislature and seeks the approval of the legislators so as to turn a bill into a law.
  • Most of the time, the government in power enjoys considerable influence in the Parliament due to its sheer numbers. PM՚s Nehru, Indira and Rajiv Gandhi and Narendra Modi enjoyed massive majority which allowed them to get the bill passed easily.
  • This means that the legislature becomes inferior to the executive.
  • Secondly, the executive has in its control several agencies that are not answerable to the legislature.
  • Organisations like Central Bureau of Investigation, Enforcement Directorate, Intelligence Bureau and Research and Analysis Wing are agents of executive domination.
  • Many a time, opposition leaders are hounded and blackmailed to submission by the existing government.
  • Thirdly, the executive has the power to pass ordinances when parliament is not in session.
  • It can pass ordinance when it knows it will not get parliamentary support and when its task is only for a period of six months.
  • Finally, it is the government that in the name of the President appoints Chief Justices and judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
  • This ensures a control over the judiciary which is not shared by the Parliament.
  • The executive also appoints governmental officials such as Election Commissioners, Vigilance Commissioners, governmental secretaries etc.
  • When the government has a majority, it can declare President՚s rule in states, thereby effectively reducing the power of the Parliament and the state legislatures.