Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 63 - 70 of 398

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Question 63

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Marginalisation of the left ideology in India. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Marginalisation of the Left Ideology in India

  • Right from independence, India learnt left with regards to politics and economics.
  • The left, which mainly draws from Marxist, communist and Fabian socialist traditions was the dominant force in Indian politics and academics.
  • The Indian constitution too, shows dominant leftist trends.
  • It gives overarching po…

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Question 64

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Explain the scope and limitations of the Women՚s movements in India. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Scope and Limitations of the Women՚S Movements in India

  • India is developing; newly industrialized country and women here face a lot of discrimination and prejudice.
  • Most of Indian citizens are still feudal in their mentality as almost 70 percent of Indian citizens still live in villages.
  • But thankfully, India, right from its independence has had a vib…

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Question 65

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Global commons believe belong to global society and requires global attention. Comment. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Global Commons and Global Society

  • Global commons are natural resources that are international in nature.
  • They belong to all nations of the world collectively and are not the executive domain of any particular nation state.
  • The definition of global commons was in a report called World Conservation Strategy prepared jointly by IUCN, UNESCO, UNEP and WWF…

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Question 66

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

What are the provisions for constitutional protection of right to freedom of religion and how far have they succeeded in promoting secularism in India? (Paper-I)

Explanation

Provisions for Constitutional Protection of Right to Freedom of Religion

  • The Constitution of India guarantees every citizen certain rights and some rights to foreigners as well.
  • The rights are included in Part III of the Constitution and extend from Article 14 to 32.
  • These rights are considered part of the Basic Structure of the constitution and canno…

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Question 67

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Explain how peasant movements promoted nationalist ideas during the freedom struggle. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Peasant Movements and the Nationalist Ideas During the Freedom Struggle

  • The British in India opted for an indirect rule of the native Indian people.
  • While overall they had control over political systems over the country, they had delegated powers to their Indian representatives.
  • One of the major methods of British rule was control of revenue generated…

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Question 68

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Is the rise of social movements a sign of opening up of popular space or decline of representative politics? Examine. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Rise of Social Movements a Sign of Opening up of Popular Space or Decline of Representative Politics

  • Since the end of the Cold War and the predominance of Neo-liberal economics around the world, we have seen a rise of social movements everywhere in the world.
  • The primary reasons behind this is globalisation, improvement of communication systems and r…

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Question 69

Justice Communitarian Critiques
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Explicate the conception of justice in the critiques of communitarian theorists. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Conception of Justice and the Communitarian Theorists

  • Communitarian ideology started to emerge as a reaction to libertarian thought in 1970՚s.
  • Primary advocates of this ideology were Micheal Sandel, Arendt Lijphart Charles Taylor and Will Kymlica.
  • Opposition to libertarian thought by communitarians was primarily based on two factors.
  • Firstly, communita…

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Question 70

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Examine major principles of state centric world views. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Major Principles of State Centric World Views

  • A state is the official administrative machinery of a country.
  • What separates it from other organisation is that a state reserves the right over the use of violence.
Hans Morgenthau Father of State Centric IR Models

Hans Morgenthau: Father of State centric IR models

International Relations Ideologies

  • Most of …

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