Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 55 - 62 of 398

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 398 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 850.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 55

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Account for the changes in socio economic profile of legislators during one last decade. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Changes in Socio-Economic Profile of Legislators

  • India is a federal republic following a parliamentary democracy where people vote their representatives to a legislative body.
  • People՚s representatives are called legislators who pass laws and create public policies on their behalf.
  • When India won its independence from the British, most of the legislato…

… (408 more words) …

Question 56

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the conditions that are required for the maintenance of legitimacy in modern societies. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Conditions Required for the Maintenance of Legitimacy in Modern Societies

  • All of politics is a game of power, who exercises it and over whom.
  • Political power is the ability to impose certain conditions on a social group and to possess the monopoly over justified violence.
  • However, simply having a strong military or paramilitary that can extract obedie…

… (491 more words) …

Question 57

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What does the pace of nuclear proliferation in the post Cold War world suggest? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Pace of Nuclear Proliferation in the Post Cold War World

  • As of 2019, there are nine nuclear armed countries in the world.
  • They are United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea.
  • A recent report from Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) tracks the number of nuclear warheads currently a…

… (320 more words) …

Question 58

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain how Machiavelli՚s use of the empirical method marks an important stage in the evolution of political science. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Machiavelli՚S Use of the Empirical Method

  • Machiavelli was one of the finest political scientists in history.
  • He was a product of the European Renaissance and was one of the first proponents of the scientific method.
  • Having seen the chaos of 15th Century politics of the Italian Peninsula, he was very realist and pragmatic in his study of politics.
  • He wr…

… (338 more words) …

Question 59

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the debates surrounding the appointment of judges in the higher judiciary. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Appointment of Judges in the Higher Judiciary

  • The judiciary is an important part of any democracy. For a democracy to function, separation of powers is absolutely essential.
  • The Supreme Court in India is the guardian of the Indian constitution. It is the final interpreter of the constitution.
  • Article 32 or the right to constitutional remedies, every c…

… (383 more words) …

Question 60

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Evaluate the contributions of Buddhist tradition to Indian political thought. (Paper-I)

Explanation

The Buddhist Tradition

Buddhist Tradition to Indian Political Thought

  • Buddhism is one of the oldest philosophies in the world originating from India.
  • Buddhists are the followers of Gautama Buddha, the prince who left comforts of a royal household and found solace in a life of hermit.
  • Buddhist philosophy circulates mostly on renunciation and liberation …

… (368 more words) …

Question 61

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Relation between ethnicity and democracy in India. (Paper-I)

Explanation

Ethnicity and Democracy in India

  • The word ethnicity refers to a community that is unique in terms of culture, language, traditions, etc.
  • An ethnic group is also conscious about its differences from other groups and is also politically conscious.
  • An ethnic group also has the potential to become a nation provided the group feels discriminated within a l…

… (391 more words) …

Question 62

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Give reasons for regionalism in world politics. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Regionalism in World Politics

  • Regionalism is a phenomenon in international politics in which nation states seek alliances and partnerships with respect to geographical position.
  • The alliances can be in the field of security, economy, technical expertise and cultural exchange.
  • Regionalism is a phenomenon that has its origins in the Cold War.
  • During the …

… (464 more words) …