Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 391 - 398 of 398

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Question 391

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Is democracy promotion in developing countries a feasible option?

Explanation

Democracy Promotion in Developing Countries

  • Democracy is a political system in which decisions are taken by consensus.
  • A democracy is said to be a representation of, in Rousseau՚s words, “People՚s Will” .
  • If we go by the World Democracy Index, there are about 120 democracies in the world.
  • Out of those, only 20 are fully functional democracies while the…

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Question 392

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write a brief note on the 17th NAM Summit in Venezuela.

Explanation

17th NAM Summit in Venezuela

  • The 17th Non Aligned Movement Summit was held in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • It was presided by Venezuelan President Nicholas Maduro.
  • A multitude of topics were discussed, ranging from current international situation, UN reforms to socio economic development.
  • The member states emphasized that the present global scenario presents ma…

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Question 393

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

The changing socio economic profile of our legislators does not augur well for the health of our democracy.

Explanation

Changing Socio-Economic Profile of the Legislators

  • Right after India achieved its independence and became a modern Republic, politics was driven mostly about Gandhian socialists.
  • Inspired by the ideals of Gandhi, the Indian leaders followed the path of simple living and high thinking.
  • They were staunch Satyagrahis who advocated wealth and land distrib…

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Question 394

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Briefly describe China՚s “One Belt, One Road” policy and explain India՚s major concerns.

Explanation

India՚S Concerns on China՚S “One Belt, One Road” Policy

  • One Belt One Road (OBOR) is a global infrastructure building project undertaken by the People՚s Republic of China in 2013.
  • It is often described as the brainchild of Communist Party of China՚s Chairman Xi Jinping.
  • While officially, the Chinese government calls it a bid to enhance regional and glo…

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Question 395

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

What do you understand by three generations of human rights?

Explanation

Human Rights

  • Human rights are basic social conditions that are deserved by every human being just for being human.
  • It is applicable to every nation state and every country is to use the international human rights as a template to build its own.
  • The division of human rights was done by jurist named Karel Vesak. He was from Czechoslovakia and his theori…

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Question 396

Conceptions of Justice with Special Reference to Rawl's Theory of Justice
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Analyse John Rawls justification of discrimination to achieve goals of justice.

Explanation

John Rawls Justification of Discrimination

  • John Rawls was a philosophy professor in Harvard University and was known for his theories on Justice.
  • He based his work mostly on the liberal tradition created by Immanuel Kant.
  • For Rawls, justice is intrinsically related to social order. Justice is that value that binds a society together.
  • Rawls disagrees wi…

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Question 397

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Given the recent developments in the region, do you think that there is a need to change India՚s ‘No First Use’ (NFU) nuclear policy?

Explanation

India՚S ‘No First Use’ (NFU) Nuclear Policy

  • South Asian region has been a tumultuous region for the last decade.
  • With two rising Asian powers, India and China, industrialising rapidly and expanding their military capacity, conflicts are bound to happen.
  • Similarly, Pakistan too, is attempting to use sub conventional warfare, fomenting unrest in Kashmir…

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Question 398

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

‘The growing closeness between India and Israel will strengthen Palestine՚s cause’ . Comment.

Explanation

Growing Closeness between India and the Israel

  • India and Israel՚s relationship has to be understood through the prism of Indian national movement.
  • India had a large Muslim population which saw Palestine as an Islamic religious centre.
  • The senior Congress leaders supported the Palestine cause for two reasons.
  • Firstly, Palestine too was fighting against …

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