Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 381 - 390 of 398

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Question 381

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“John Stuart Mill was a reluctant democrat”- C. L Wayper.

Explanation

John Stuart Mill as a Reluctant Democrat

  • John Stuart Mill was one of them most prominent thinkers from the liberal school of thought.
  • He was a student of utilitarian thinker James Mill and wrote extensively on matters of liberty, social emancipation, democracy and women’s rights.
  • But still, Mill’s idea of democracy has been criticised from various qua

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Question 382

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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National Movement in India was anti imperialist and increasingly radical in its socio economic and political programmes. Discuss.

Explanation

National Movement in India

  • Indian national movement can be traced back to the Anti Partition Movement of Bengal that started in 1905.
  • It began a mass movement led by by eminent individuals and educated youth.
  • It involved usage of tactics such as boycott of British goods and services, civil disobedience, massive protests and in some cases revolutionary

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Question 383

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Pluralist theory of the state

Explanation

Pluralist Theory of the State

  • Pluralism is a modern political theory that goes back to the interwar years.
  • Interwar years, especially in Europe were a period of political turmoil.
  • This was a period in Europe when nations like France, Italy and Germany failed to establish a government in place.
Political pluralist Robert A Dahl

Political Pluralist Robert a Dahl

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Political

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Question 384

Changing Nature of Centre-State Relations
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Implementation of NEET and GST is a major challenge to Indian federalism.

Explanation

Shift in Balance

Shift in Balance

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Implementation of NEET and GST-A Major Challenge to Indian Federalism

  • The Republic of India is described as a ‘quasi federal’ system with powers distributed proportionally among centre and states.
  • The Seventh Schedule of the Constitution divides the various subjects of both central and state administration.
  • Powers of ta

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Question 385

Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Political decentralisation has not been matched with administrative decentralisation at grass roots level. Explain.

Explanation

Political Decentralisation and Administrative Decentralisation

  • India is often described as a quasi federal state. The constitution describes the Republic as a Union of States and not a federation.
  • Still, the constitution takes great care in ensuring proper decentralisation of powers.
  • It recognises financial and legal powers of the state governments by

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Question 386

Participatory and Deliberative
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Deliberative Democracy

Explanation

Democracy

  • Democracy is a very ancient political system in which people govern their own affairs through consensus.
  • It is a system described as “of the people, for the people, by the people”.
  • Securing consensus among large populations is not an easy task. Hence, various democratic systems evolved.
  • Representative democracy is the oldest form, where peopl

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Question 387

Conceptions of Justice with Special Reference to Rawl's Theory of Justice
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Distributive justice

Explanation

Distributive Justice

  • The idea of justice is considered fundamental for every society and its political processes.
  • It is the one value that binds the society together and fosters trust between its members.
  • Justice as an idea has been described in multiple ways by many scholars.
  • Some describe justice as “giving a person what they owe” while some like Pla

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Question 388

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Evaluate the role of BIMSTEC in multi sectoral, technical and economic cooperation.

Explanation

Role of BIMSTEC in Multi-Sectoral, Technical and Economic Cooperation

  • BIMSTEC stands for Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation.
  • It is a multilateral organisation dedicated to fostering cooperation in technical and economic issues.
  • It comprises of seven countries namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal,

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Question 389

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Resurgence of political theory.

Explanation

Resurgence of Political Theory

  • Politics is defined by David Easton as “process of authoritatively distributing goods and values in a society”.
  • Political theory on the other hand, is about generalising all that is political.
  • The heyday of political theory was between 18th and 19th century. The enlightenment and counter enlightenment period consisted of

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Question 390

Justice Communitarian Critiques
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Examine communitarian perspectives on justice.

Explanation

Communitarian Perspectives on Justice

  • Communitarian ideology emerged during the 1970s, mostly as a reaction to libertarian thought.
  • Libertarians were essentially interested in reviving classical liberal thought.
  • This involved individualism, minimal state, free markets and internationalism.
  • The communitarians criticised classical liberals on number of i

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