Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 363 - 371 of 398

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Question 363

Relations with Africa and Latin America
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

How is India pursuing her foreign policy objectives through the IBSA Dialogue forum (India, Brazil and South Asia)?

Explanation

India and the IBSA Dialogue Forum

  • IBSA Dialogue Forum brings together three developing and democratic nations together for dialogue.
  • It is a coordinating mechanism amongst three emerging economies which are multi ethnic and multicultural democracies.
  • The forum has three primary aims. Firstly, it seeks to contribute to creation of a new international s

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Question 364

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Examine the arguments in favour and against lateral entry in civil services in India.

Explanation

Lateral Entry in Civil Services in India

  • Recently, the government had issued notifications for lateral entry of civil servants starting from joint secretary positions.
  • Lateral entry refers to direct appointment of specialists from private sector in governmental posts.
  • The government had invited in sectors such as revenue, financial services, economic

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Question 365

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically examine the environmentalist movement in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu.

Explanation

Environmentalist Movement in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu

  • For over a hundred days, people of Tuticorin had been protesting against a copper plant of a company called Sterlite.
  • Protestors were demanding a complete shutdown of the factory as they believed it was causing severe environmental damage to the region.
  • The company is also under allegations that it ha

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Question 366

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Examine the increasing significance of maritime security in India’s foreign policy.

Explanation

Increasing Significance of Maritime Security in India’s Foreign Policy

  • India is a peninsula, surrounded by water on three sides. It has a total coastline of 7516 km.
  • It has the Arabian Sea on its west coast, Bay of Bengal on the east and Indian Ocean on the South.
  • It has the world’s fourth largest Navy with many destroyers, frigates, minesweepers at i

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Question 367

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Do you think Sustainable Development goals are attainable by 2030?

Explanation

Sustainable Development Goals

  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by all United Nations members in 2015.
  • It provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.
  • It created 17 Sustainable Development Goals which was in essence an urgent call for action by all countries-developed an

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Question 368

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Revolt of 1857 is a ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ or the ‘First War of Independence’.

Explanation

Revolt of 1857 a Sepoy Mutiny

  • The Revolt of 1857 was a spontaneous uprising that erupted against the British East India Company.
  • The nomenclature of the incident has been disputed. The British sources describe the incident as a ‘Sepoy Mutiny’.
  • However, the Indian nationalist leaders call the incident the ‘First War of Independence’.
  • In order to underst

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Question 369

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Explain Aristotle’s critique of Plato’s idealism.

Explanation

Aristotle’s Critique of Plato’s Idealism

  • Aristotle is often described as the father of modern political science. He was the student of famous political philosopher Plato.
  • Plato was known as an idealist philosopher who sought to create a perfect political system.
  • He believed that the natural state of all mankind is that of ignorance.
  • Only through knowle

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Question 370

Ideological and Social Bases of Parties
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Political personalities are more significant in India than political parties.

Explanation

Political Parties and Political Personalities

  • Radical humanist writer MN Roy had once written that India, even after overthrowing the colonial yoke, ran the risk of becoming authoritarian.
  • The reason he gave was Indian people’s love for personalities which he termed “hero worship”.
  • His analysis was partially correct, as the Indian nationalist movement

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Question 371

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Examine the significance of the comparative method in political analysis. Discuss its limitations.

Explanation

Significance of the Comparative Method in Political Analysis

  • Comparative politics is a methodology that is both ancient and modern.
  • Aristotle can be considered an exponent of comparative politics as his theories were based on detailed comparative analysis of the various city states of ancient Greece.
  • In modern era, comparative politics started off in

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