Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 352 - 362 of 398

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Question 352

Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

New Panchayati Raj is an effective instrument for women empowerment.

Explanation

New Panchayati Raj-an Effective Instrument for Women Empowerment

  • Panchayati Raj is a system of self governance for the villages of India.
  • While the system has existed for thousands of years, it was given legal status only in 1992 after the recommendations of the LM Singhvi Committee.
  • In 1992, Narasimha Rao government passed the 73rd Amendment which ga

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Question 353

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Decline of Political theory

Explanation

Decline of Political Theory

  • Aristotle once said that Man, by nature is a political animal. What did he mean by this statement?
  • It means that human beings seek to a) live in a society and b) that society should have certain rules that should be imposed.
  • These rules must be obeyed by all and those who flout it must be punished.
  • Politics is therefore the

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Question 354

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

End of ideology debate

Explanation

End of Ideology Debate

  • Ideology is often defined as a system or set of ideas and beliefs with specific stress on coherence and consistency.
  • Ideologies cover all aspects of political thought- cause and effect for the current scenario, the future and what would be the ideal.
  • Ideology serves a wide variety of functions- psychological, social and politica

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Question 355

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Distinguish between liberal feminism and radical feminism.

Explanation

Liberal Feminism and Radical Feminism

  • Feminism is the socio-political ideology that advocates equality between all genders.
  • The basic premise of feminist thought is that society at large is a male dominated patriarchy.
  • A patriarchy is a social structure which is male headed. The male is portrayed as an archetype of a leader.
  • Women in a patriarchy are e

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Question 356

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Comment on the relevance of the Directive Principles of State policy in an era of liberalisation and globalisation.

Explanation

Directive Principles of State Policy in an Era of Liberalisation and Globalisation

  • The Constitution of India declares the Indian state to be socialist and secular.
  • Although the word ‘socialist’ was added by the 42nd Amendment, the socialist nature of the early Indian legislators was well known.
  • This socialist outlook is quite visible when we read the

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Question 357

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Despite constitutional mandate, the Interstate council has not yet come of age. Explain.

Explanation

Constitutional Mandate and Interstate Council

  • In 1983, the Government of India set up the Sarkaria Commission to study inter state relations and its future prospects.
  • The report made a large number of recommendations. Most of it was to maintain status quo with regards to centre-state relations.
  • It also covered role of governors and their appointment a

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Question 358

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically examine the neoliberal theory of the state.

Explanation

Neoliberal Theory of the State

  • The time period after the Second world war to the oil crisis of 1973 was dominated by Keynesian economics.
  • Keynesians believe that the state can play an interventionist role in the markets and can ease out inequalities.
  • The state can redistribute income and create demand and thereby prevent a depression.
  • However, a large

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Question 359

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss Ambedkar’s ideas on annihilation of caste.

Explanation

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar

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Ambedkar’s Ideas on Annihilation of Caste

  • Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was one of the foremost constitutionalists and social reformers.
  • He dedicated his entire life towards uplifting the lower castes of the Indian society who had been left marginalised for centuries.
  • As a child, he himself had suffered great humiliation at

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Question 360

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write a short note on the significance of the Chipko Movement.

Explanation

Significance of the Chipko Movement

  • In Uttarakhand (then Uttar Pradesh) 1972, the government had ordered cutting down of large tracts of forest land.
  • This was the Terai region of North India known for its thousands year old trees.
  • The government had signed a deal with a sports company which needed fine quality wood for making cricket bats.
  • This caused

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Question 361

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss asymmetrical federalism in India.

Explanation

Asymmetrical Federalism in India

  • Asymmetrical federalism refers to a political system where certain states enjoy many privileges over the others.
  • It is different from symmetrical federalism where all states enjoy equal powers and mandates with no exceptions.
  • India has been famously called a “quasi federal” state by Granville Austin.
  • Being a highly dive

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Question 362

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Prime Minister’s Office has emerged as the most powerful institution in India. Discuss.

Explanation

Prime Minister’s Office-the Most Powerful Institution in India

  • The Indian Constitution explicitly turns into a federal structure with adequate decentralisation of powers.
  • The idea is to ensure that no individual or body has too many powers in his/their hands.
  • However, with time, the Central executive has grown exponentially powerful.
  • The most powerful

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