Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 313 - 322 of 398

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Question 313

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Differentiate between moderate nationalism and extremist nationalism in terms of objectives and means.

Explanation

Moderate Nationalism and Extremist Nationalism

  • Indian nationalist movement arose in the 19th century through various writings both oriental and occidental.
  • It was about Indian people finding their identity while under a colonial rule.
  • The late 19 th and early twentieth century saw rise in varying perspectives, especially with regards to British Raj in

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Question 314

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Neo Liberal perspective of the state

Explanation

Neo Liberal Perspective of the State

  • All political ideologies are undeniably impacted by the socio economic conditions of the era in which it was created.
  • Neo-liberal ideology was a resurgence of the classical liberal thought albeit in a different socio economic setting.
  • In the 1970s, the Western world was suffering from an economic stagflation, which

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Question 315

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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In what way does the predominance of the USA in UN funding affect its decision making?

Explanation

Predominance of the USA in UN Funding

  • After the Cold War ended and Soviet Union disintegrated, the United States remained the sole superpower in the world.
  • Its power and influence was visible in the 1990 Persian Gulf War, when the Soviets refused to veto the proposal to go to war against Saddam’s Iraq.
  • United States has also been the largest funder of

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Question 316

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Explain the relevance of Marxist approach in the context of globalisation.

Explanation

Marxist Approach and Globalisation

  • The transnational appeal of Marxism was evident with the rise of popular communist parties from Europe to South East Asia.
  • Marxists around the world had a common understanding of the current condition.
  • These were:
    • Capitalism is a global ideology
    • Capitalism propels inequality and oppression iii) class struggle is global

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Question 317

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Dalit perspective on Indian national movement.

Explanation

Dalit Perspective on Indian National Movement

  • The word “Dalit” is a derivative of Pali word “Dalidda”. It literally means ‘broken and destitute’.
  • The word was coined by an Arya Samaj leader which was to refer to all the backward castes in India.
  • The backward castes are those who had been historically categorised as Shudra which in Indian caste system

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Question 318

Classical and Contemporary Theories
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically examine Macpherson’s views on democracy.

Explanation

CB Macpherson

  • CB Macpherson was a political scientist belonging to the Canadian Idealist school of thought.
  • He was a passionate supporter of liberal democracies which has a basis in rationalism, humanism and individualism.
  • In his essay, Democratic Theory, Macpherson explains the transfer and sharing of powers in a liberal democratic setup.
  • He begins wi

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Question 319

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Evaluate the role of International Court of Justice in handling international disputes.

Explanation

International Court of Justice and International Relations

  • International affairs being an anarchy, devoid of a central authority, requires an arbitration and adjudication institute.
  • The International Court of Justice was formed in 1945 at the Hague, Netherlands.
  • Its purpose was to act as a court for nation states, run on the basis of internationally s

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Question 320

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write an essay on ‘New Social Movements’ in developing countries.

Explanation

New Social Movements’ in Developing Countries

  • The term ‘New Social movements’ are used to signify the social reform movements that began in the post industrial era.
  • In the developed world, the new social movements started in the 1960s.
  • It was led primarily by the marginalised sections of Western society such as women, blacks and other minorities.
Martin Luther King’s speech at a Civil Rights rally

Martin Luther King’s Speech at a Civil Rights Rally

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Question 321

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Analyse the recent trends in India’s role in the UN Peacekeeping operations.

Explanation

India’s Role in the UN Peacekeeping Operations

  • Peacekeeping Force is the military arm of United Nations Security Council.
  • Its purpose is to execute the resolutions of the UN Security Council through military/paramilitary/police action.
  • Through force, it brings peace and security in places which are war torn.
  • It does so by three ways: First, it enforces

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Question 322

"Different Models of Democracy" Representative
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Substantive democracy

Explanation

Substantive Democracy

  • Democracy is a political system where the power is held by the citizens of the state.
  • The sovereign leaders do not govern in the name of a divine authority but do so through the will of the people.
  • The leaders themselves are elected by the people and they serve their term based on an established Rule of Law.
  • Democracy can be of tw

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