Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 304 - 312 of 398

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Question 304

Conceptions of Justice with Special Reference to Rawl's Theory of Justice
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Rawls theory of justice is both contractual and distributive. Elaborate.

Explanation

Rawls Theory of Justice

  • John Rawls was a philosopher from the Harvard University famous for his work A Theory of Justice.
  • In his work, he explained the idea of justice and its importance through multiple concepts such as “original position” and “difference principle” .
  • His work was based on Immanuel Kant and began as a critique of Jeremy Bentham and h…

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Question 305

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Do you agree with the view that Indian foreign policy is increasingly being shaped by the Neoliberal outlook? Elaborate.

Explanation

Indian Foreign Policy and the Neoliberal Outlook

  • Indian foreign policy has not been constant for the last 70 years. It has seen multiple phases.
  • First phase was the years just after independence. Indian state was socialist in nature and sought international cooperation and rules based order.
  • India was a prominent member of the Non Aligned movement and…

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Question 306

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Appeared in Year: 2017

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Hobbesian notion of political obligation

Explanation

Hobbesian Notion of Political Obligation

  • Politics was defined by Harold Laswell as “who gets what, when, where and how” .
  • David Easton described it as an authoritative distribution of goods and values.
  • Thus, politics is essence is practice of normative values. It is society՚s desire for order by laying down ground rules for everyone to follow.
Thomas Hobbes
  • …

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Question 307

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Do you agree that the growing assertiveness of China is leading to a multilayered Indo Japan relations? Comment.

Explanation

Growing Assertiveness of China to a Multi-Layered Indo Japan Relations

  • China and Japan have been historic arch rivals, both having fought each other bitterly in the Second World War.
  • Currently China is a potential superpower with a $ 13 trillion economy and rising military power.
  • Japan comes under the developed nation category with an economy of $ 5.1…

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Question 308

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Do you think India՚s capacity building role in Afghanistan has shrunk the strategic space for Pakistan there? Discuss.

Explanation

India՚S Capacity Building Role in Afghanistan

  • Afghanistan has been in a state of civil war since 1992. In 1996 the fundamentalist organisation called Taliban, which calls itself Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, seized power.
  • In 2001, the US invaded Afghanistan and knocked out the Taliban regime out of power as it was sheltering Al Qaeda terrorists lik…

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Question 309

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically examine the concept of Asian values in the context of on going debates on human rights.

Explanation

Concept of Asian Values and Human Rights

  • The concept of human rights goes back to the end of the Second World War.
  • World leaders saw human rights as necessary conditions for all human beings irrespective of race, nationality or religion in order to live a good life.
  • These include right to practice religion, right to free expression, right to be heard …

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Question 310

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Differentiate between freedom and liberty. Describe Marx՚s notion of liberty.

Explanation

Freedom and Liberty

  • There is a very fine difference between the idea of freedom and liberty.
  • Freedom, is a state where a person, irrespective of their status can act anyway it pleases.
  • Any action that a person undertakes is usually bound by circumstances and his decision to act is restricted by several factors.
  • However, a person is free to act anyway, …

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Question 311

Ethnic Conflicts and Insurgencies
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Evaluate India՚s stand on the Rohingya refugee issue.

Explanation

India՚S Stand on Rohingya Refugee Issue

  • The Rohingya are a Bengali speaking Islamic ethnic group living in Rakhine state of Myanmar.
  • In 2012, a long running ethnic conflict between the Buddhist majority and the Muslims took a violent turn.
  • Myanmar military (called Tatmadaw) launched military operations against the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA)…

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Question 312

Changing Nature of Centre-State Relations
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Indian federation has moved from cooperative federalism to competitive federalism.

Explanation

Indian Federation, Cooperative Federalism and Competitive Federalism

  • The Indian constitution makes the Indian Republic a “quasi federal” state in the words of Granville Austin.
  • As a country with massive ethnic and resource diversity, a certain degree of autonomy had to be given to the states so as to facilitate a just and equitable system.
  • The central…

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