Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 281 - 287 of 398

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Question 281

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss the implications of Trump Kim Singapore Summit on the prospects of denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.

Explanation

Implications of Trump Kim Singapore Summit

  • The Korean Peninsula has been in a state of war since 1953 when an armistice was signed between the Communist North and Republican South.
  • In the late 70s, North Korea started its missile capacity, fearing an imminent invasion from the South aided by the NATO countries.
  • In the 80s, it had already started to bu…

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Question 282

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

“Political democracy cannot last unless social democracy lies at its base” . Comment on this statement by BR Ambedkar.

Explanation

Political Democracy and Social Democracy

  • Ambedkar is widely considered to be the architect of the Indian constitution.
  • He was the Drafting Committee chairman and played a major role in its creation.
  • Being from a Mahar (untouchable) caste, he had been at the mercy of the upper castes who discriminated against him.
BR Ambedkar
  • Having been at the receiving…

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Question 283

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“Some feel MNCs are vital new road to economic growth, whereas others feel they perpetuate underdevelopment” . Discuss.

Explanation

MNCs

  • MNC stands for Multinational Corporations. These are business entities that work across nation state borders.
  • Every MNC has a home country and a host country. Home country is where the company՚s base of operations is situated.
  • Grand strategy of the company is prepared by the headquarters at the home country.
  • Host country is where the MNC invests i…

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Question 284

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How is the President of India elected? Outline the salient features of the electoral college of the Indian President.

Explanation

Election of the President of India

  • The Constitution of India states that the President of India shall be the Head of State.
  • Article 52 of the Constitution states that there shall be a President of India.
  • Article 53 states that the executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President.
  • However, the power can only be exercised with consultation f…

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Question 285

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically assess the growing convergence of India and China in the field of trade and environment.

Explanation

India China and the Growing Convergence in the Field of Trade and Environment

  • India and China are two Asian nations with large economies and populations.
  • Both are influential in their respective regions and are emerging powers.
  • Many see them as geopolitical arch rivals who are out to counter each other՚s every move in the international front.
  • While thr…

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Question 286

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Analyse the significance of India՚s Look East policy in the light of concerns of the indigenous peoples of North East India.

Explanation

India՚S Look East Policy and Indigenous Peoples of North East India

  • The term ‘Look East’ was first coined by PM PV Narasimha Rao in 1992.
  • The government believed that India՚s strategic benefits lies not in the West but the East. It had multiple reasons:
  • Firstly, countries of South East Asia have a similar culture and history with India.
  • Countries like …

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Question 287

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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What do you understand by the notion of statecraft. Explain the idea of statecraft described by Kautilya.

Explanation

Notion of Statecraft

  • Statecraft is the way of managing the functioning of the state.
  • The state is an administrative organisation that governs over a large group of people living in a fixed territory.
Idea of Statecraft Described by Kautilya

Idea of Statecraft Described by Kautilya

  • The uniqueness of the state is that it՚s an organisation that enjoys the …

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