Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 274 - 280 of 398

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Question 274

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Describe the changing nature of comparative politics. Briefly explain the political economy approach to the study of comparative politics.

Explanation

Changing Nature of Comparative Politics

  • Comparative politics is old as ancient Greece and started officially with Aristotle.
  • Aristotle wrote Politics in which he studied and compared the constitutions of the different city states of ancient Greece.
  • Comparative politics involves comparing and analysing different political structures and phenomena with …

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Question 275

Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Has the 73rd Amendment empowered women in Panchayats in India? Discuss.

Explanation

73rd Amendment and Women in Panchayats in India

  • The 73 rd Amendment was passed in the Indian Parliament in 1993 which made Panchayat a constitutional body.
  • It amended Part IX of the Constitution by inserting Article 243 and its 18 sub parts.
  • Panchayat is a local body of self governance for Indian villages.
  • It comprises of a three tier structure. First,…

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Question 276

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the role of Indian diaspora in promoting Indo US relations.

Explanation

Indo US Relations and the Indian Diaspora

  • There are 2.843,391 Indian origin Americans living in United States as citizens which makes almost 1 percent of the entire population.
  • Indian Americans have been settling in the United States since 1880s as many from India migrated for better living conditions.
  • However, large scale movement to the US began onl…

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Question 277

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What, according to Joseph Nye, are the major sources of a country՚s soft power? Discuss its relevance in the contemporary world politics.

Explanation

Major Sources of a Country՚S Soft Power

  • The idea of soft power refers to that aspect of national power that does not involve coercion or submission.
  • The traditional idea of national power has fundamentally revolved around military strength in the pre war days and economic prowess in the post war days.
  • However, in the 1980s, Joseph Nye came up with a c…

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Question 278

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Critically examine the functionalist approach to the study of international relations.

Explanation

Functionalist Approach and International Relations

  • The inter war period was known for the wide research in the field of international relations. Functionalist theory was also a product of this period.
  • The dominant school of thought of this time was classical realism.
  • This school of thought held that
    • Humans are self scented
    • Nation state is the only entit…

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Question 279

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Differentiate between parliamentary supremacy and parliamentary sovereignty. Would you consider the Indian parliament as a sovereign parliament?

Explanation

Difference between Parliamentary Supremacy and Parliamentary Sovereignty

Parliamentary Supremacy and Parliamentary Sovereignty
  • The Constitution of India made India a democratic republic with a Parliamentary system of democracy.
  • A Parliament is a body of elected legislators who makes laws on behalf of the people who elected them.
  • The elected legislators…

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Question 280

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Describe the changing nature of the state in the developing societies in the context of inclusive growth in the 21st century.

Explanation

Changing Nature of the State in the Developing Societies

  • The state is an administrative machinery that retains the monopoly over legitimate use of violence.
  • The state has the following features. First, a fixed territory over which it has complete control. That includes the natural resources of the territory.
  • Second, the people living in that fixed ter…

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