Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 267 - 273 of 398

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Question 267

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

The success of Mahatma Gandhi lay in transforming both political and non political movements into a unified nationalist movement.

Explanation

Success of Mahatma Gandhi and Transformation of Both Political and Non Political Movements

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was one of the tallest leaders of the Indian nationalist movement.
  • He spent his youth in South Africa where he was discriminated against by the white population.
  • It was in South Africa that he perfected the art of Satyagraha, the polit…

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Question 268

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Bring out the major differences between classical realism of Hans Morgenthau and Neo realism of Kenneth Waltz.

Explanation

Realism

  • Realism is one of the oldest international relations theory, going back to ancient times.
  • Scholars like Thucydides, Kautilya, Sun Tzu can be classified as realists.
  • Even though the polity of the day was mostly monarchy, policies regarding external affairs were mostly the same as modern realists.
  • Realist theory revolves around a) predominance of…

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Question 269

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Right to privacy is an intrinsic part of the right to life.

Explanation

Right to Privacy and the Right to Life

  • Rights are social claims that emerge from the society and are defended by the state.
  • These are social conditions which are the basic requirements for a person to live their life well.
  • Constitution of India recognises several rights as Fundamental Rights.
  • It makes up the Part III of the Constitution and extends fro…

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Question 270

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Would you agree that the ongoing debates on international environmental politics continue to be marred by a new North South ideological divide over historical responsibility and developmental model? Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

Explanation

International Environmental Politics and Developmental Model

  • Since the rapid industrialisation of the world, we have seen massive alterations to the environment.
  • The use of hydrocarbon based fuels have led to massive emissions of greenhouse gases that have raised the temperature of the world 1.7 degrees Celsius.
  • The need of the hour is to foster inter…

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Question 271

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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According to Sri Aurobindo, Swaraj is a necessary condition for India to accomplish its destined goal.

Explanation

Sri Aurobindo and Swaraj

Sri Aurobindo
  • Aurobindo Ghosh or Sri Aurobindo, was an Indian Revolutionary and philosopher from Bengal.
  • He started his career during the protests against Partition of Bengal and made important contribution to the Swadeshi and boycott movement.
  • He was the founder of Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary organisation that performed …

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Question 272

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the relevance of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on the security of women in conflict zones.

Explanation

The United Nations Security Council

  • The United Nations Security Council is a fifteen member organ of the UN whose primary function is to ensure peace and stability in the world.
  • Matters that effect international security requires a global response and a robust cooperation between nation states.
  • In order to make the UN and its functioning more gender i…

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Question 273

Participatory and Deliberative
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Deliberative democracy doesn՚t have its salience without participation and participatory democracy doesn՚t have credence without deliberations. Comment.

Explanation

Deliberative Democracy and Participative Democracy

  • Democracy is a political system that governs through will of the people.
  • Different cultures have had different understanding of the idea of “People՚s Will” .
  • English scholars such as Locke saw people՚s will being represented through popular representatives who make laws on behalf of the people.
Participation and Participatory
  • …

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