Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 259 - 266 of 398

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Question 259

Relations with Africa and Latin America
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

India’s capacity building programmes under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) has earned much goodwill for it in Africa. ” Discuss.

Explanation

India’s Capacity Building Programmes

  • Right after India achieved its independence, it sought to become a leader in the Third World.
  • This part of the world was low in technical know how, industrialisation and lacked good governance and rule of law.
  • These countries, especially in the West looked towards the West with suspicion and this allowed India to s

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Question 260

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss the various impediments in India’s way to a permanent seat in the Security Council.

Explanation

India’s Way to Permanent Security Council

  • The UN Security Council is the primary organ seeking to preserve international peace and security.
  • It is a fifteen member body with five permanent members and ten non permanent members.
  • The five permanent members are US, UK, France, Russia (formerly Soviet Union) and People’s Republic of China (formerly Republ

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Question 261

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss the significance of non Aligned Movement as a unique contribution of the Non Western world to World politics.

Explanation

Significance of Non Aligned Movement

  • The period after the second World War to the collapse of the USSR is known as the Cold War.
  • It was a phase of constant covert and overt battles between the two remaining superpowers, US and USSR.
  • The nations with the US were called North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) while the countries with USSR were called

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Question 262

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Since its inception the SAARC has failed to deliver on its promises”. What initiatives must be taken to reinvigorate the organisation?

Explanation

SAARC’s Failed Promises

  • SAARC stands for South Asian Association Regional Cooperation. It was founded in 1985 Dhaka at the recommendation of Zia Ur Rehman.
  • It comprises of eight countries: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
  • These countries are united by several factors. First, these are relatively young, s

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Question 263

Leadership Role in the Demand for NIEO and WTO Negotiations
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

India’s Research and Information System for Developing countries (RIS) is a major initiative in the area of South South Cooperation.

Explanation

India’s Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS)

  • Research and Information System for Developing countries (RIS) is a new Delhi based autonomous policy research institute.
  • It specialises in issue that are related to international economic development, trade, investment and technology.
  • It was envisioned as a forum for fostering dia

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Question 264

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Eco Feminism

Explanation

Eco Feminism

  • The era of 60s and 70s was that of the rise of subaltern social groups.
  • Subaltern groups was a term coined by Marxist writer Antonio Gramsci which refers to groups that are not the primary drivers of social discourse.
  • These are groups that are politically, socially, economically and culturally marginalised.

Reduction of Biodiversity (Graph

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Question 265

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“India’s current foreign policy marks a qualitative shift from the previous regimes”. Discuss.

Explanation

India’s Current Foreign Policy and Qualitative Shift

  • Prime Minster Modi’s landslide victory in 2014 and 2019 has brought significant changes not just to India’s domestic policies but also to the foreign policy front.
  • Indian foreign policy has seen various phases. Post independence, India sought non alignment and avoidance of Cold War tensions.
  • Having

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Question 266

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

In the post liberalisation era, India is moving from ascriptive politics to developmental politics.

Explanation

Ascriptive Politics to Developmental Politics

  • Ascriptive politics refers to politics that is decided by factors other than achievement or merit.
  • It refers to politicians achieving and retaining power due to their pre existing status in the society.
  • India right from independence has been a hub of caste politics.
  • The independence movement was largely led

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