Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 249 - 258 of 398

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Question 249

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss Sri Aurobindo՚s views on cultural nationalism.

Explanation

Sri Aurobindo՚S Views on Cultural Nationalism

  • Sri Aurobindo was an Indian nationalist, revolutionary, political theorist and freedom fighter.
  • He spent his youth fighting the British and was founder of the Jugantar revolutionary group.
  • After getting freed from Alipore Conspiracy Case in 1908, he became an established philosopher and political theorist,…

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Question 250

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the party system in India from one party system to multi party coalitions.

Explanation

Party System in India from One Party System to Multi Party Coalitions

  • A political party is an organisation that seeks to attain power of the state.
  • Its purpose is to assimilate the demands of its vote base and wage a campaign in order to win elections.
  • Every party has its own ideology based on which it runs its electoral campaign. Some are also identi…

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Question 251

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain the instruments and methods devised for the promotion of national interest.

Explanation

Instruments and Methods Devised for the Promotion of National Interest

  • National interest is perhaps the defining aspect of international relations and a nation՚s foreign policy.
  • It can be defined as a set of goals set up by a nation state that it seeks while interacting with other nation states in the international system.
  • These goals can vary from se…

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Question 252

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Give an assessment of the feminist critique of contemporary world issues.

Explanation

Feminist Critique of Contemporary World Issues

  • Feminism is a socio political ideology that seeks and advocates equality among genders.
  • Feminists believe that society, by and large is a male dominated patriarchy, which allows men the upper hand over women.
  • Feminist ideology has changed over time and has more or less adopted the economic models of the t…

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Question 253

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“The political ideology of globalisation is Neo liberalism” . Comment.

Explanation

Neo-Liberalism the Political Ideology of Globalisation

  • Globalisation can be defined as the socio political phenomenon of rapid exchange of ideas, cultures, goods and services across the world.
  • Sharing of cultures has been going on for millennia, but the current phenomenon is far more rapid in pace.
  • This can be attributed to three reasons. First, revol…

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Question 254

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss feminist theory of the state.

Explanation

Feminist Theory of the State

  • Feminism is a socio political ideology that advocates equality for men and women.
  • It has a long history of evolution that can be traced back to the Age of Enlightenment.
  • Feminist understanding of state has been dependent on the philosophies of the time.
  • The earliest feminist was Mary Wollstonecraft who became famous for wri…

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Question 255

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Why does global human security need to be emphasised along with economic security? Elaborate.

Explanation

Global Human Security with Economic Security

  • Before the Second World War, the idea of national security and national interest dominated the political discourse.
  • The reason behind this was that nation state was considered to be the end towards which all International politics tends to gravitate.
  • It was believed that all nations seek expansion of power …

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Question 256

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine the objective and the role of the National Human Rights Commission.

Explanation

Objective and the Role of the National Human Rights Commission

  • National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a statutory body established in 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993.
  • It defines Human Rights as rights pertaining to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual that has been guaranteed by the Constitution.
  • It is in confor…

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Question 257

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain Marx՚s understanding of human essence and alienation.

Explanation

Marx՚S Understanding of Human Essence and Alienation

  • Karl Marx was a Prussian philosopher who who wrote extensively n historical materialism, dialectics, means and relations of production etc.
  • His understanding of society was based on prior writings of G W Hegel and David Ricardo.
  • Hegel was a proponent of absolute idealism. He believed that a human be…

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Question 258

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically analyse India՚s nuclear policy.

Explanation

India՚S Foreign Policy

  • The Republic of India is located at a highly geo strategic region, connecting western Asia to the east.
  • Being a peninsular land, it also gets access to the Indian Ocean which is crucial for securing freedom of navigation.
  • Such a geo strategic location means that India՚s sovereignty will constantly be at threat.
Nuclear Capble Land Based Ballistic Missiles

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