Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 242 - 248 of 398

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Question 242

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Illustrate the main causes of tension between India and China. Suggest the possibilities for improving relationships.

Explanation

Main Causes of Tension between India and China

  • Republic of India and People՚s Republic of China are not only two large nations but also two oldest existing civilisations in the world.
  • Both nations together make up almost 30 percent of world population and have enormous potential for cooperation.
  • This is because civilizational contacts between India an…

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Question 243

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“Machiavelli՚s Political Philosophy was narrowly located and narrowly dated” (Sabine) .

Explanation

“Machiavelli՚S Political Philosophy”

  • The statement is in context of Sabine՚s analysis of Machiavelli՚s thoughts. He contends that Machiavelli՚s notions were derived and applicable only in Italy of his times and not universal.
  • Machiavelli is a transitional thinker and first realist scholar. His notable contributions are in the field of statecraft & Hu…

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Question 244

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Critically examine John Rawls argument for democratic equality.

Explanation

John Rawls՚ Argument for Democratic Equality

  • John Rawls was a philosophy professor working at Harvard University and was famous for his theories on social contract and egalitarianism.
John Rawls

John Rawls

  • His theories of “original position” and “Justice as Fairness” form the basis of post Cold War welfare states.
  • Rawls՚ theories revolve around the indi…

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Question 245

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the LGBT movements in the developed societies and how it is affecting developing societies.

Explanation

LGBT Movements in the Developed Societies

LGBT Movements
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) is a term coined in order to organize these four communities so as to fight for their rights.
  • These communities have been discriminated against and punished arbitrarily simply for their sexuality.
  • The origin behind these movements lays in the rise of …

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Question 246

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Do you prescribe to the notion that in the new evolving Asian dynamics, Japan and India have not only moved closer in economic cooperation but also in strategic partnership?

Explanation

India Japan and the New Evolving Asian Dynamics

  • India and Japan have had cultural relations going back a thousands years.
  • Both Buddhism and Hinduism have had profound influence on Japanese cultures since 6th Century CE.
  • During Indian independence movement, a pan Asian movement was growing in order to counter rising Western hegemony.
  • Indian poet Rabindr…

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Question 247

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically examine the Marxist aspect of political economy approach to the study of comparative politics.

Explanation

Marxist Aspect of Political Economy Approach

  • Karl Marx was a Prussian political and economic philosopher who was the first to use class analysis.
  • Marx and his later followers՚ theories can be summed up in the following:
    • All of human history is the product of class struggle
    • Capital is the cause behind human alienation
    • Capitalism is exploitative and will …

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Question 248

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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“Uniting for Consensus” also known as the Coffee Club has opposed the claims of India and other countries over permanent membership of the UN Security Council. Point out their major objections.

Explanation

UN Security Council

  • UN Security Council is an organ of the United Nations responsible for ensuring international peace and security.
  • UNSC has fifteen members in total, five are permanent and ten non permanent.
  • The five permanent members are US, UK, Russia, France and China.
  • Each and everyone of the permanent members has the power of veto. It can negate…

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