Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 233 - 241 of 398

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Question 233

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How has the development of global capitalism changed the nature of socialist, developing economies?

Explanation

Development of Global Capitalism

  • Capitalism is a modern economic system that requires less government intervention, free trade and property rights.
  • It operates by principles of free market. In a market place, two individuals are free to trade/exchange goods and services at prices that are decided on the basis of supply and demand.
  • Originally, Europe h…

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Question 234

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

How does regionalism shape world politics? Explain with examples.

Explanation

Regionalism and World Politics

  • Interaction between nation states and the factors that govern those interactions are manifold.
  • Nation states build their foreign policy based on their own interests and in fulfilment of their interests they foster cooperation with other states.
  • A nation state՚s neighbourhood, especially countries with which it shares bor…

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Question 235

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Which determinant factors play an important role in shaping India՚s foreign policy?

Explanation

Determinant Factors Shaping India՚S Foreign Policy

  • Republic of India achieved its sovereignty in 1947 at a torrid time in international affairs.
  • The state of the world was uncertain as the European powers were falling back and US and USSR had risen to superpower status.
  • India itself was in a terrible economic condition. Most Indians were illiterate, h…

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Question 236

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Examine the world systems approach as designed by Immanuel Wallerstein.

Explanation

World Systems Approach Designed by Immanuel Wallerstein

  • The systems approach to social sciences took off in the 1960s with the introduction of positivist disciplines in them.
  • One of the major changes brought in international relations was the introduction of world systems approach.
  • This is an approach which sees the world as a system and not as a coll…

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Question 237

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Explain the socio economic impacts of arms race and identify the obstacles in the way of disarmament.

Explanation

Socio Economic Impacts of Arms Race

  • Arms race is the name given to a serious competition between two nation states for stockpiling latest and highly destructive weaponry.
Arms Race in Asia: Submarine Procurement

Arms Race in Asia: Submarine Procurement

  • Nation states, according to realist theorists, seek security. For security, they seek power.
  • Military …

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Question 238

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Short Answer▾

How does political science influence our society?

Question 239

Leadership Role in the Demand for NIEO and WTO Negotiations
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Analyse the stalled progress of the Doha Round of WTO negotiations over the differences between developed and developing countries.

Explanation

Progress of the Doha Round of WTO Negotiations

  • Doha Round of talks is the latest round in the World Trade Organisation that convened in 2001.
  • It was WTO՚s fourth ministerial conference and its purpose was to achieve major reform in the rules of the international trading system.
Agricultural Subsidies
  • The purpose of the WTO is to ensure free and fair tr…

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Question 240

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

How is the Belt and Road Initiative of China going to impact Sino-Indian relations?

Explanation

China՚S Belt and Road Initiative and It՚S Impact on Sino-Indian Relations

  • The Belt and Road Initiative is a mega project devised by the People՚s Republic of China.
  • It՚s a project that involves massive infrastructure building in areas that were previously known as the “Silk Road” .
  • This was a historical road that connected Hunan Province in China with …

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Question 241

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Do you agree with the statement that despite its limitations, the UN has distinguished achievements under its belt?

Explanation

UN՚S Achievement under Its Belt

  • The United Nations was formed after the signing of the San Francisco Charter in 1945.
  • After the two World Wars, it was understood that international politics needs to be redefined.
  • Earlier, it was assumed that the natural state of all nation states is that of war of nation against nation.
  • Such an anarchical condition in …

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