Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 20 - 29 of 398

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 398 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 850.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 20

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine Ambedkar՚s critique of Marxism.

Explanation

Ambedkar՚S Critique of Marxism

  • Bhimrao Ambedkar was an Indian politician, social activist and political scholar.
  • He is unanimously regarded as the father of the Indian constitution.
  • He was also a scholar in the field of economics and was an avowed socialist.
  • He wrote an extensive commentary on Marxist economics and philosophy.
  • Marx believed that all hum…

… (338 more words) …

Question 21

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain Berlin՚s notion of value pluralism.

Explanation

Berlin՚S Notion of Value Pluralism

  • Isaiah Berlin was a philosopher who formulated the principle of value pluralism.
  • He created his ideas in opposition to the prevailing idea of monism.
  • Monism refers to the idea that all questions in life must have one genuine answer. All other answers must be false.
  • The path to to the one right answer is knowable and c…

… (343 more words) …

Question 22

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the uniqueness of Indian federalism in the light of Granville-Austin՚s statements.

Explanation

Uniqueness of Indian Federalism

  • A federal structure refers to a system where power is shared among several social groups.
  • It is symbolised by devolution and de-concentration of power from a centralised government.
  • The Indian constitution arranges a system that allows for a just power sharing.
  • This is important as India is home to thousands of ethnoling…

… (389 more words) …

Question 23

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Marxist Understanding of India՚s freedom movement.

Explanation

Marxist and India՚S Freedom Movement

  • Some of the prominent Marxists in India were MN Roy, Namboodiripad etc.
  • Marxists see any country through the lenses of class.
  • Marx himself wrote extensively on British conquest of India.
MN Roy: Founder of the Communist Party of India

MN Roy: Founder of the Communist Party of India

  • He described colonisation as a by-pr…

… (290 more words) …

Question 24

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Gandhian Perspective on development and its contemporary relevance.

Explanation

Gandhian Perspective on Development

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer.
  • His views on social reform and economic development were heavily influenced by his criticism of capitalism and socialism and were derived from the Isopanishad.
  • Gandhi did not agree with capitalist philosophy as it was based on individualis…

… (367 more words) …

Question 25

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyse the relationship between natural rights and human rights.

Explanation

Relationship between Natural Rights and Human Rights

  • Rights are defined as social claims that are defended by the state.
  • They are the least amount of social conditions that are necessary for a person to lead his/her life.
  • Rights originate from within a society in a bottom up fashion and are not created by the state, only enforced by it.
  • Rights differ f…

… (353 more words) …

Question 26

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyse the significance of the Article 32 of the Indian constitution.

Explanation

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution and Its Significance

  • The Indian Constitution declares the Indian state to be a Democratic Republic.
  • It ensures proper separation of powers between legislature, executive and judiciary.
  • It is done so as to ensure accountability of each body and prevent any one of them from overstepping their bounds.
  • Article 32 of th…

… (259 more words) …

Question 27

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain the phenomenon of ethnic politics in India in the recent times.

Explanation

Ethnic Politics in India in the Recent Times

  • The word “ethnic” comes from Latin word ethnikos which refers to a group that is foreign or different.
  • In modern context, it is used to refer to a social group that has distinct culture, language and tradition and is conscious of its difference from others.
  • The Republic of India has over a thousand ethnic a…

… (364 more words) …

Question 28

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the significance of the verdicts of Supreme Court in Golaknath and Kesavananda Bharati regarding Article 368 of the Indian Constitution.

Explanation

Significance of the Verdicts of Supreme Court in Golaknath and Kesavananda Bharati

  • The Parliament of India is the apex law making organisation in the country.
  • Article 368 allows the Union Parliament to lays down the procedure for amending the Constitution.
  • Golaknath and Kesavananda Bharati Case was a time of great conflict between the legislature and …

… (305 more words) …

Question 29

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Transnational actors have become driving forces of global politics. Elaborate. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Translational Actors and Driving Forces of Global Politics

  • The fundamental understanding of international relations upto the second world war was that the nation state is the only driver of international affairs.
  • However, with the end of the world war, we saw a paradigm shift in the way international relations were conducted.
  • There was a spurt in grow…

… (414 more words) …