Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 225 - 232 of 398

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Question 225

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Implementation of human rights is regarded as a matter of changing the conduct of nation states. Elaborate.

Explanation

Implementation of Human Rights and Changing Conduct of Nation States

  • Human rights are basic social conditions that every human being is said to deserve just for being human.
  • They are said to be universal and are of utmost importance if human beings are to reach their full potential.
  • The earliest human rights charter was signed in 1945 at San Francisco…

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Question 226

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Explain the concept of the North-South divide and suggest how structural inequalities between the high wage North and low wages South can be reduced.

Explanation

Concept of the North-South Divide and the Structural Inequalities

  • The North and South divide is essentially economic inequalities between the countries North and the South of the equator.
  • It has been noticed that the countries of the global North have high GDP, GDP per capita, higher wages and higher HDI (quality of life) .
Per Capita GDP in PPP US $ 2009 Data Arrayed in 7 Equal Inter …
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Question 227

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“With the Corona outbreak, democracy and federalism are on trial in India” , Elucidate.

Explanation

Corona Outbreak and India

  • With the global pandemic covid-19 strengthening, its grip over the largest democracy, apart from being the test on the efficiency of health and economic infrastructure of the country, it poses a challenge to the basic tenets of democracy and federalism.
  • Why the tenets are under test?
    • The nature of COVID-19 emerging as a serio…

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Question 228

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Examine Gandhi՚s critique of modernisation.

Explanation

Gandhi՚S Critique of Modernisation

  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was one of the tallest leaders of the Indian National movement.
  • He was a man who waged a non-violent struggle against the British by encouraging people to disobey the colonialist government.
  • He was deeply religious at heart and utilised teachings from various religious texts such as the Upa…

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Question 229

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Do interest groups help to promote democracy or undermine it? Give your opinion.

Explanation

Interest Groups and Democracy Promotion

  • Interest groups are politically inclined associations that are voluntary in nature.
  • They assimilate and represent the demands of certain sections of society and then try to get the political class to bring favourable policies.
  • The methods employed by these interest groups define its type. Gabriel Almond defines …

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Question 230

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Land reforms have failed in eradicating rural poverty. Examine.

Explanation

Land Reforms and Rural Poverty Eradication

  • It is important to understand the land ownership pattern in India during the British period so as to understand the current problems faced by rural poor.
  • The British in India, contrary to their French and Portuguese counterparts practiced the Lugard model of governance.
  • In this model, the coloniser makes no a…

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Question 231

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Nat is likely to serve each other՚s interests. Hence, a deliberate strategy of dovetailing their efforts will obviously benefit both. Elaborate.

Explanation

India and US Relationships

  • India and US are two of the greatest functioning democracies on earth.
  • India is the largest democracy in the world with over 800 million members in the electorate.
  • US is the world՚s oldest democracy established in 1776.
  • Both nations have a common history of anti colonial movements and love for sovereignty.
  • However, Indo-US rel…

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Question 232

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the impact of globalisation on the internal working of the nation state.

Explanation

Impact of Globalisation

  • Globalisation is a phenomenon of rapid exchange of cultures, goods, services and information around the world.
  • While sharing of cultures between countries have happened throughout time, globalisation can be traced back to the post world war era.
  • The end of the Second World War saw an unprecedented change in technology especiall…

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