Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 172 - 178 of 398

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Question 172

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

India has been the largest and consistent country contributing to UN peacekeepers worldwide. Examine this perspective.

Explanation

India and Its Contribution to UN Peacekeepers Worldwide

  • The United Nations Peacekeepers are a body of troops attached to the UN Security Council.
  • The UNSC is charged with ensuring peace and international security and has the power to intervene militarily and economically.
  • UN Peacekeepers are not a permanent military force, rather it is a force on depu…

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Question 173

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“The purpose of the 42nd Amendment was to make economic and social democracy explicitly visible” . Comment.

Explanation

The Purpose of the 42nd Amendment

  • The 42nd Amendment was brought in 1976 by the Indira Gandhi government at a time when emergency was declared.
  • It is by far the most significant amendment made to the Indian constitution which included economic, social and political changes.
  • Following were the features of the 42nd Amendment. First, the words “socialist…

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Question 174

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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American President Donald Trump՚s decision to remove the US from NAFTA will bring unforeseen consequences to the regionalisation of world politics. Explain.

Explanation

Decision to Remove the US from NAFTA

  • NAFTA stands for North American Free Trade Agreement. It comprises of USA, Canada and Mexico.
  • The Agreement came into force in 1994 and replaced the US-Canadian bilateral trade agreement.
  • In essence, NAFTA was a free trade deal that reduced trade barriers between the three nations such as tariffs, travel restrictio…

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Question 175

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically examine the radical humanist position on Indian National Movement.

Explanation

Radical Humanist Position on Indian National Movement

  • Radical humanism is a political ideology created by revolutionary leader MN Roy.
  • Roy was originally a member of the revolutionary group called Jugantar and was sent to Bavaria and Indo-China to collect arms for an armed overthrow of British rule in India.
  • The plan was leaked and Roy had to flee to …

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Question 176

Changing Nature of Centre-State Relations
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

The philosophy and administration of the distribution of powers between the state and the centre has to be reassessed. Elaborate.

Explanation

Philosophy and Administration of the Distribution of Powers between the Centre and the State

  • The Constitution of India recognises the federal character of the Indian state.
  • Federalism is essentially a form of polity where the power is decentralised effectively.
  • This ensures a better representation of diverse social groups and their socio-political int…

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Question 177

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Critically examine globalisation in the last 25 years with respect to the Western world.

Explanation

Globalisation in the Last 25 Years W. R. T the Western World

  • Globalisation is a socio political phenomena that involves rapid sharing of information, cultures, goods and services around the world.
  • While sharing of cultures has happened for thousands of years, the pace of sharing today is much faster.
  • This is because of the development of modern transp…

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Question 178

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Do you endorse the view that the end of bipolarity and the rise of multiple regional organisations has made the Non Aligned movement irrelevant?

Explanation

The End of Bipolarity and the Rise of Multiple Regional Organisations

  • Non Aligned movement is an international initiative of the countries of the Third World to create a separate bloc of countries, away from superpower conflicts.
  • NAM was founded in 1955 at the Bandung Conference by Nehru, Sukarno, Nasser, Enlai and Nkrumah.
  • Its purposes were the follo…

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