Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 157 - 164 of 398

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Question 157

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Discuss India՚s opposition to NPT.

Explanation

India՚S Opposition to NPT

  • NPT stands for Non Proliferation Treaty. It was first signed in 1968 and brought into practice in 1970.
  • Its purpose was to create a world free from nuclear weapons.
  • It is a binding multilateral treaty whose purpose is to ensure complete disarmament of nuclear weapons.
  • Total 191 nation states have entered the treaty and it incl…

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Question 158

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Do you agree with the view that the USA is of late willing to treat India as a partner rather than merely a camp follower?

Explanation

India and the USA

  • India and the United States had established relations since independence in 1947.
  • PM Nehru had visited United States in 1949 and met President Eisenhower.
  • However, relations between the two nations had started to deteriorate since 1950՚s.
  • India had no intention of taking sides in the Cold War and formed the Non Aligned Movement in 195…

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Question 159

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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What are the major approaches to comparative politics? Explain in brief, the political economy approach to the study of comparative inquiry.

Explanation

Comparative Politics and Major Approaches

  • Comparative Politics is a methodology that employs the comparative method in the study of politics.
  • It involves comparison of multiple political systems, their economies, their socio-cultural beliefs, conflicts etc.
  • The purpose of comparative studies can be either goal based or ideal based.
  • Goal based study is …

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Question 160

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Has the reforms of economic and social arrangements in United Nations been effective?

Explanation

Reforms of Economic and Social Arrangements in United Nations

The United Nations was build in the aftermath of the Second World War and its sole purpose was to prevent war and ensure peace.

United Nations

The United Nations

  • The UN also focused on provision of human rights to all individuals of the world.
  • The purpose behind this was to bring a global ide…

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Question 161

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Identify the constraints/challenges to regional cooperation in South Asia.

Explanation

Constraints/Challenges to Regional Cooperation in South Asia

  • South Asia comprises of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
  • This region has plenty of historical and cultural links and all these countries share common socio economic problems as well.
  • South Asia is the most populous and the most densely populate…

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Question 162

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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‘The Social structure of a country influences its foreign policy.’ How does social structure of India impact the making of its foreign policy?

Explanation

Social Structure of a Country and Its Foreign Policy

  • India isn՚t simply a seventy year old nation state but also a five thousand year civilisation.
  • Its social structure has been varied throughout its entire existence as demographics too has changed.
  • The modern nation state however has been a combination of age old Indian values and modern day Enlighte…

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Question 163

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the theory of nuclear deterrence? Did nuclear deterrence prevent a nuclear war between superpowers?

Explanation

Theory of Nuclear Deterrence

  • Deterrence is the ability of a nation state to prevent another from launching a military strike without actually resorting to violence.
  • This theory is at the core of the realist school of international relations.
  • Nuclear deterrence is a military and political strategy in which a nations state acquires sufficient nuclear wa…

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Question 164

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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River water disputes are emerging as a major source of conflicts. Suggest remedial measures.

Explanation

River Water Disputes and Remedial Measures

  • Planet Earth is seventy percent water but only 3 - 4 percent of it is actually fit for consumption.
  • Most people around the world consume fresh river water. Sea water, due to its high saline content is not fit for consumption.
  • Throughout al countries, securing fresh potable water has always been a major issue …

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