Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 11 - 19 of 398

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Question 11

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Analyse the position of the Prime Minister of India in a coalition regime.

Explanation

Prime Minister of India in a Coalition Regime

  • The Prime Minister is the de facto Head of the Indian state.
  • He is the Head of the Government and acts as a conduit between the President of India and his Council of Ministers.
  • All decisions of the government are taken by him and his ministers in the name of the President.
  • In India, the first ever coalition…

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Question 12

Justice Communitarian Critiques
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Communitarian critique of Liberalism

Explanation

Communitarian Critique of Liberalism

  • Communitarian philosophy emerged as a counter to liberal philosophy in the 1960՚s and 70՚s.
  • Prominent writers of the communitarian philosophy were Arendt Lipjhart, Micheal Sandel, Will Kymlica etc.
  • Their primary objections with liberalism was A) understanding of the individual B) Nature of the state C) Homogeneity
  • L…

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Question 13

Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Examine the changing structure of the Panchayati Raj movement in India with special reference to 73rd Amendment.

Explanation

Changing Structure of the Panchayati Raj Movement in India

  • Panchayati Raj was a system of governmental decentralisation that was brought to villages by the Indian constitution.
  • It has its roots in ancient India, where the villages operated as a republic in itself.
  • These villages operated similar to a democracy where all castes voted on issues concerni…

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Question 14

Conceptions of Justice with Special Reference to Rawl's Theory of Justice
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Comment on the following in approximately 150 words:

Original position

Explanation

Original Position

  • Original position was a hypothetical condition explained by John Rawls.
  • Rawls was a Harvard University professor of philosophy most famous for his work “A Theory of Justice” .
  • He was most interested in creating a society that would be just and people, in Kantian terms, “Would be treated as an end in itself rather than a means to an e…

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Question 15

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Point out the significance of “Towards Equality” of 1974.

Explanation

Significance of “Towards Equality” of 1974

  • Towards Equality was a report on the socio-economic conditions of women released in 1974.
  • It was prepared by the Committee on the Status of Women.
  • The report is often referred to as the point which galvanised the woman՚s movement in India.
  • It is considered an eye opener of sorts as it exposed the dismal condit…

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Question 16

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Comment on the following in approximately 150 words:

“Covenants without swords are but words and of no strength to secure a man at all”

Explanation

“Covenants Without Swords”

  • The above mentioned words can be famously attributed to Thomas Hobbes.
  • He was an English philosopher who was active during the chaotic conditions of the English Civil War.
  • He wrote the theories of “State of Nature” , “Social Contract” and wrote about the powers and limitations of the sovereign.
  • Hobbes, firstly paints a very b…

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Question 17

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Examine the role of the Supreme Court as the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution.

Explanation

Supreme Court as the Final Interpreter of the Indian Constitution

  • The Constitution of India appoints the Supreme Court of India as the apex judicial body of the country.
  • Article 131 says that there will be a Supreme Court in India.
  • Its composition shall be decided by the Parliament of India and the judges shall be appointed and sworn in by the Preside…

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Comment on the assertion of Laslett that Filmer and not Hobbes was the main antagonist of Locke.

Explanation

Laslett Filmer and the Main Antagonist of Locke

  • Sir Robert Filmer was a conservative politician and political philosopher whose posthumously published word Patriarcha made him popular.
  • His ideas were in stark contrast to the “Social Contract” theories of both Hobbes and Locke.
  • While Hobbes and Locke՚s theories seemed polar opposites of each other, Las…

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Question 19

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Examine the significance of Dharma in ancient Indian political thought.

Explanation

Significance of Dharma in Ancient Indian Political Thought

  • While the Indic civilisation can be traced back to over 5000 years, recorded political systems come from the Vedas, Dharmashastras and the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
  • The earliest form of political system is found in the Rig Veda which did not have a state.
  • There were tribal committees …

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