Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 150 - 156 of 398

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Question 150

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Before the year 2000, Indo US relations have been marked with more estrangement than cordiality. Why?

Explanation

Indo US Relations Before the Year 2000

  • India received its independence in 1947, a time when the international order was reshaping into a dangerous one.
  • This international order was a bipolar one where the United States and the Soviet Union were the two remaining superpowers.
  • These two countries were perpetually locked in a battle for supremacy using c…

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Question 151

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the collapse of the Soviet Union and its impact on international politics.

Explanation

Collapse of the Soviet Union

  • In 1991, the USSR collapsed and it led to the creation of fifteen new republics of which Russia was the largest.
  • USSR had been in a state of economic and political crises since the 1980՚s.
  • Over centralisation of power and economic resources had led to a great deal of resentment within the different nationalities such as Ro…

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Question 152

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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“Federal units are critical in the making of India՚s foreign policy” . Examine this statement with reference to the role of West Bengal with regards to Bangladesh.

Explanation

Federal Units and India՚S Foreign Policy

  • India՚s constitution established the Republic of India as a federal democracy with powers delegated to several states.
  • The subjects of foreign affairs and national security are listed under the Union list by the constitution and is out of bounds of the state.
  • However, in practicality, the states have to play a …

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Question 153

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Is globalisation essentially a process of universalisation of the capitalist modernity?

Explanation

Globalisation and Universalisation of the Capitalist Modernity

  • Globalisation is the phenomenon of rapid sharing of ideas, technologies, cultures, goods and services across the world.
  • Sharing of cultures used to happen since ancient times either through warfare, migration due to hard times, trade and exchange of philosophers.
  • However, the modern global…

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Question 154

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Evaluate India՚s participation in United Nations peacekeeping operations over the years.

Explanation

India՚S Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

  • United Nations Peacekeeping forces are the military wing of the UN Security Council.
  • The force is not a permanent one. Rather, it comprises of officers and soldiers appointed on deputation.
  • Peacekeeping forces are sent on recommendation of the Security Council to war torn countries for se…

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Question 155

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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“India՚s policy of non alignment has been guided by the genius of the Indian people and their interests” . Explain.

Explanation

India՚S Policy of Non-Alignment

  • Non Alignment is a policy that emerged within the countries of the third world during the Cold War.
  • The growing covert conflict between US and USSR, was threatening to blow up into a full fledged nuclear war.
  • Being part of either of the two blocs was unacceptable to India and other developing countries.
  • This was because …

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Question 156

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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‘Struggle for democracy has been marked by bitter strife and tribulations’ . Examine the statement, illustrating the cases of Pakistan, Nepal and Myanmar.

Explanation

Struggle for Democracy and South Asian Subcontinent

  • The South Asian subcontinent is one that has a history of colonialism and imperialism.
  • The countries started to get democratic only after 200 years of foreign rule.
  • In a region with one of the highest ethnic diversity, ethnic conflicts, irredentism, insurgencies were bound to happen.
  • This was because …

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