Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 116 - 124 of 398

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Question 116

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Who was Mr X in international politics? Elaborate his efforts in foreign policy.

Explanation

Mr X in International Politics

  • Mr X was the name of US diplomat George F Kennan. He was active during the time of the Cold War.
  • He was one of the most influential diplomats and foreign policy experts in the world at that time.
  • Right from the early 1940՚s, saw the rise of the Soviet Union as a threat to American interests.
  • His policies heavily inspired …

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Question 117

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Ukraine crisis is a product of power politics and geopolitics. Explain.

Explanation

Ukraine Crisis a Product of Power Politics and Geopolitics

  • Ukraine is a strategically located European country which lies at the Eurasian-European-Asian axis.
  • It is situated right between Russia and the Western European NATO countries.
  • Its location is very strategic as it acts as a buffer between the two opposing sides.
  • Its demographic is divided funda…

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Question 118

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Critically assess the changing nature of the concept of national security.

Explanation

Changing Nature of the Concept of National Security

  • A nation state is an administrative entity that governs over a nation, i.e.. a group of people with a common identity bound by culture, language or history.
  • National security is the capacity of a nation state to secure its long term and short term interests in the international arena.
  • The earliest fo…

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Question 119

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Critically evaluate the concerns of the global south towards addressing environment concerns.

Explanation

Concerns of the Global South Towards Addressing Environment Concerns

  • Modern history of the world has divided the world into two camps: North and South.
  • The global North comprises countries that are highly industrialized and developed countries.
  • The global south are those that are either developing or least developed countries.
  • The north comprises of th…

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Question 120

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Do you agree the UN has failed to contain transnational terrorism? Elaborate with examples.

Explanation

UN and Transnational Terrorism

  • Terrorism is often defined as the use of violence to fulfil political objectives.
  • Terrorism is deployed as a tactic by non state actors against governments or their citizenry.
  • It is the hallmark of asymmetrical warfare, which means that two sides locked in battle have a massive gap in war fighting capabilities.
  • As a strat…

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Question 121

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Argue a case for UN reform in the context of changing global milieu.

Explanation

UN Reform and Changing Global Milieu

  • United Nations is an international organisation created to usher in an era of international cooperation.
  • It was created in the aftermath of the destruction caused by the Second World War.
  • League of Nations was created in the aftermath of the first world war but that failed for several reasons.
  • It didn՚t have the cap…

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Question 122

Ideological and Social Bases of Parties
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Party system in India is neither western nor indigenous. Explain.

Explanation

Party System in India Neither Western nor Indigenous

  • Political parties are organisations that seek to reach positions of power.
  • In a democracy, these parties assimilate the views of certain groups of people and contest elections on that platform.
  • In an authoritarian system, the party functions as the vanguard of the all powerful sovereign.
  • The party se…

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Question 123

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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In what respect is the new social movement new in nature? Discuss.

Explanation

Social Movements

  • Social movements started emerging in the west after 1960՚s and 70՚s.
  • These movements were fundamentally different from those movements that led to the ushering in of democracy and rights.
  • Certain socio-economic conditions that led to the change have to be studied in depth.
  • Firstly, it was the Cold War era. US and USSR were secretly bat…

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Question 124

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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What is global village? Elaborate its main characteristics and also the factors that contributed to its growth?

Explanation

Global Village and Its Main Characteristics

  • Since the 1980՚s, the phenomenon of globalisation has taken off rapidly.
  • Globalisation refers to the phenomenon which involves intense sharing of cultures, ideas and technology throughout the world.
  • It also brings with it large amounts of trade which involves sharing of goods and services.
  • Political scientist…

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